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A Survey of Defensive Measures for Digital Persecution in the Global South

1
Graduate School of Arts and Science, Fordham University, New York, NY 10023, USA
2
Fordham Center for Cybersecurity, Fordham University, New York, NY 10023, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2020, 12(10), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi12100166
Received: 27 July 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 25 September 2020 / Published: 29 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Society Challenges in Developing Countries)
This paper examines the phenomenon of digital persecution in the Global South and evaluates tools that defend against it. First, the paper explains the nature of persecution and its digital incarnation. It then provides a contextual overview of real-world instances of digital persecution in seven Global South countries. The possible defensive technologies against censorship and surveillance are discussed. The article goes on to discuss barriers to technology adoption in the Global South, explains the security implication of these difficulties, and examines the role that human computer interaction (HCI) metrics could play in overcoming these challenges. Finally, the paper surveys the viability of sixteen security tools in a Global South context. The survey results were mixed, with 37.5% of the reviewed tools being deemed to be inviable for use in the Global South to defend against persecution. Prescriptive recommendations are provided for creating security tools that are universal, simple, and effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: persecution; oppression; free software; global south; cybersecurity; HCI; human rights persecution; oppression; free software; global south; cybersecurity; HCI; human rights
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Papa, L.E.; Hayajneh, T. A Survey of Defensive Measures for Digital Persecution in the Global South. Future Internet 2020, 12, 166.

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