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Wireless Mesh Networking: An IoT-Oriented Perspective Survey on Relevant Technologies

Internet of Things (IoT) Lab, Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 181/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
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Future Internet 2019, 11(4), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11040099
Received: 7 February 2019 / Revised: 30 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10th Anniversary Feature Papers)
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Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT), being a “network of networks”, promises to allow billions of humans and machines to interact with each other. Owing to this rapid growth, the deployment of IoT-oriented networks based on mesh topologies is very attractive, thanks to their scalability and reliability (in the presence of failures). In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey of the following relevant wireless technologies: IEEE 802.11, Bluetooth, IEEE 802.15.4-oriented, and Sub-GHz-based LoRa. Our goal is to highlight how various communication technologies may be suitable for mesh networking, either providing a native support or being adapted subsequently. Hence, we discuss how these wireless technologies, being either standard or proprietary, can adapt to IoT scenarios (e.g., smart cities and smart agriculture) in which the heterogeneity of the involved devices is a key feature. Finally, we provide reference use cases involving all the analyzed mesh-oriented technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesh networks; routing algorithms; IEEE 802.11; bluetooth; IEEE 802.15.4; ZigBee; LoRa; smart agriculture; smart city; Internet of Things mesh networks; routing algorithms; IEEE 802.11; bluetooth; IEEE 802.15.4; ZigBee; LoRa; smart agriculture; smart city; Internet of Things
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Cilfone, A.; Davoli, L.; Belli, L.; Ferrari, G. Wireless Mesh Networking: An IoT-Oriented Perspective Survey on Relevant Technologies. Future Internet 2019, 11, 99.

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