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A Smart Cities LoRaWAN Network Based on Autonomous Base Stations (BS) for Some Countries with Limited Internet Access

1
Department of Information and Communications Technology, Institute of Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Porto-Novo 3730-301, Benin
2
T/ICT4D Laboratory of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 34151 Trieste, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2019, 11(4), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11040093
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 1 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IoT for Development (IoT4D))
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Abstract

An increasing number of implementations of IoT for development use the LoRaWAN protocol as many of them leverage the free network and application servers provided by The Things Networks (TTN) to fulfill their needs. Unfortunately, in some countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, Internet access cannot be taken for granted, therefore, TTN might not be available. Moreover, low-cost and low-power consumption options devices are the most sustainable ones. In this paper, we propose a LoRaWAN network with autonomous base stations that can work without Internet connectivity for essential services, while being able to provide additional features whenever Internet access becomes available, even in an intermittent fashion. Security and privacy are preserved, with support for mobile nodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: community networks; ICT4D; IoT; LoRaWAN; Edge/Fog computing; wireless networks; IoT4D; smart city community networks; ICT4D; IoT; LoRaWAN; Edge/Fog computing; wireless networks; IoT4D; smart city
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Barro, P.A.; Zennaro, M.; Degila, J.; Pietrosemoli, E. A Smart Cities LoRaWAN Network Based on Autonomous Base Stations (BS) for Some Countries with Limited Internet Access. Future Internet 2019, 11, 93.

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