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An Overview of Vehicular Communications

Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kore University of Enna, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy
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Future Internet 2019, 11(2), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11020027
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 17 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10th Anniversary Feature Papers)
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Abstract

The transport sector is commonly subordinate to several issues, such as traffic congestion and accidents. Despite this, in recent years, it is also evolving with regard to cooperation between vehicles. The fundamental objective of this trend is to increase road safety, attempting to anticipate the circumstances of potential danger. Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) and Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) technologies strive to give communication models that can be employed by vehicles in different application contexts. The resulting infrastructure is an ad-hoc mesh network whose nodes are not only vehicles but also all mobile devices equipped with wireless modules. The interaction between the multiple connected entities consists of information exchange through the adoption of suitable communication protocols. The main aim of the review carried out in this paper is to examine and assess the most relevant systems, applications, and communication protocols that will distinguish the future road infrastructures used by vehicles. The results of the investigation reveal the real benefits that technological cooperation can involve in road safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicular communications; V2V; V2I; V2X; intelligent transportation system; road safety vehicular communications; V2V; V2I; V2X; intelligent transportation system; road safety
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Arena, F.; Pau, G. An Overview of Vehicular Communications. Future Internet 2019, 11, 27.

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