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Beam Training for Millimeter-Wave Communication Based on Tabu Table Enhanced Rosenbrock Algorithm

Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Information Communication Network and Security, Xi’an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi’an 710121, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2019, 11(10), 214;
Received: 10 August 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advancements in Future Networking Technologies)
The codebook-based beamforming for millimeter-wave (mm Wave) communication systems is usually used to compensate the severe attenuation of the mm Wave region. The beam training process based on pre-specified beam codebooks is considered a global optimization problem in 2-D planes formed by the potential beam index. The Rosenbrock algorithm (RA) is adopted to implement optimum beam searching whereas the simulated annealing (SA) algorithm is used to solve the problem of falling into the local optimum, due to the unavailable gradient information of the objective function. However, the RA implements rounding to the integer which leads to the problem of repeated search and beam space discontinuity caused by beam index will impair the powerful local search ability. Thus, in this paper, an enhanced RA based on tabu search and combined with SA algorithm is proposed as an alternative solution for beam search success rate. The proposed algorithm reduces the search times by forbidding the repeat search with tabu table and design of neighbor region. Moreover, to prevent the search failure, the search candidate index is defined to keep the local search ability of the original algorithm and wrap around of beam index is applied to maintain continuity of the search direction. Experimental simulations show that the proposed technique can improve the search efficiency in terms of reduced steps and increase search success rate during the beam training procedure compared to existing techniques.
Keywords: millimeter-wave communications; beam training; tabu search millimeter-wave communications; beam training; tabu search
MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Sun, C.; Jiang, F. Beam Training for Millimeter-Wave Communication Based on Tabu Table Enhanced Rosenbrock Algorithm. Future Internet 2019, 11, 214.

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