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Nanogel: A Versatile Nano-Delivery System for Biomedical Applications

by Yanlong Yin 1,2,†, Ben Hu 1,2,†, Xiao Yuan 2, Li Cai 2, Huile Gao 3,* and Qian Yang 1,2,*
1
Collaborative Innovation Center of Sichuan for Elderly Care and Health, No. 783, Xindu Avenue, Xindu District, Chengdu 610500, Sichuan, China
2
School of Pharmacy, Sichuan Province College Key Laboratory of Structure-Specific Small Molecule Drugs, Chengdu Medical College, No. 783, Xindu Avenue, Xindu District, Chengdu 610500, Sichuan, China
3
Key Laboratory of Drug-Targeting and Drug Delivery System of the Education Ministry, Sichuan Engineering Laboratory for Plant-Sourced Drug and Sichuan Research, Center for Drug Precision Industrial Technology, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Pharmaceutics 2020, 12(3), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12030290
Received: 25 February 2020 / Revised: 15 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Formulations for Cancer Therapy)
Nanogel-based nanoplatforms have become a tremendously promising system of drug delivery. Nanogels constructed by chemical crosslinking or physical self-assembly exhibit the ability to encapsulate hydrophilic or hydrophobic therapeutics, including but not limited to small-molecule compounds and proteins, DNA/RNA sequences, and even ultrasmall nanoparticles, within their 3D polymer network. The nanosized nature of the carriers endows them with a specific surface area and inner space, increasing the stability of loaded drugs and prolonging their circulation time. Reactions or the cleavage of chemical bonds in the structure of drug-loaded nanogels have been shown to trigger the controlled or sustained drug release. Through the design of specific chemical structures and different methods of production, nanogels can realize diverse responsiveness (temperature-sensitive, pH-sensitive and redox-sensitive), and enable the stimuli-responsive release of drugs in the microenvironments of various diseases. To improve therapeutic outcomes and increase the precision of therapy, nanogels can be modified by specific ligands to achieve active targeting and enhance the drug accumulation in disease sites. Moreover, the biomembrane-camouflaged nanogels exhibit additional intelligent targeted delivery features. Consequently, the targeted delivery of therapeutic agents, as well as the combinational therapy strategy, result in the improved efficacy of disease treatments, though the introduction of a multifunctional nanogel-based drug delivery system. View Full-Text
Keywords: multifunctional nanogels; crosslinking; stimuli-responsive; delivery; combinational therapy multifunctional nanogels; crosslinking; stimuli-responsive; delivery; combinational therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, Y.; Hu, B.; Yuan, X.; Cai, L.; Gao, H.; Yang, Q. Nanogel: A Versatile Nano-Delivery System for Biomedical Applications. Pharmaceutics 2020, 12, 290.

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