Next Article in Journal
Microbubbles and Nanobubbles with Ultrasound for Systemic Gene Delivery
Next Article in Special Issue
Novel Intrinsic Mechanisms of Active Drug Extrusion at the Blood-Brain Barrier: Potential Targets for Enhancing Drug Delivery to the Brain?
Previous Article in Journal
Cellular Analysis and Chemotherapeutic Potential of a Bi-Functionalized Halloysite Nanotube
Previous Article in Special Issue
TMS-Induced Controlled BBB Opening: Preclinical Characterization and Implications for Treatment of Brain Cancer
 
 
Review

Targeting the Choroid Plexuses for Protein Drug Delivery

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University at Buffalo: 304 Pharmacy Building, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this manuscript.
Pharmaceutics 2020, 12(10), 963; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12100963
Received: 12 September 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Drug Delivery across the Blood–Brain Barrier)
Delivery of therapeutic agents to the central nervous system is challenged by the barriers in place to regulate brain homeostasis. This is especially true for protein therapeutics. Targeting the barrier formed by the choroid plexuses at the interfaces of the systemic circulation and ventricular system may be a surrogate brain delivery strategy to circumvent the blood-brain barrier. Heterogenous cell populations located at the choroid plexuses provide diverse functions in regulating the exchange of material within the ventricular space. Receptor-mediated transcytosis may be a promising mechanism to deliver protein therapeutics across the tight junctions formed by choroid plexus epithelial cells. However, cerebrospinal fluid flow and other barriers formed by ependymal cells and perivascular spaces should also be considered for evaluation of protein therapeutic disposition. Various preclinical methods have been applied to delineate protein transport across the choroid plexuses, including imaging strategies, ventriculocisternal perfusions, and primary choroid plexus epithelial cell models. When used in combination with simultaneous measures of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics, they can yield important insight into pharmacokinetic properties within the brain. This review aims to provide an overview of the choroid plexuses and ventricular system to address their function as a barrier to pharmaceutical interventions and relevance for central nervous system drug delivery of protein therapeutics. Protein therapeutics targeting the ventricular system may provide new approaches in treating central nervous system diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: choroid plexus; transcytosis; protein therapeutic choroid plexus; transcytosis; protein therapeutic
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bryniarski, M.A.; Ren, T.; Rizvi, A.R.; Snyder, A.M.; Morris, M.E. Targeting the Choroid Plexuses for Protein Drug Delivery. Pharmaceutics 2020, 12, 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12100963

AMA Style

Bryniarski MA, Ren T, Rizvi AR, Snyder AM, Morris ME. Targeting the Choroid Plexuses for Protein Drug Delivery. Pharmaceutics. 2020; 12(10):963. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12100963

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bryniarski, Mark A., Tianjing Ren, Abbas R. Rizvi, Anthony M. Snyder, and Marilyn E. Morris. 2020. "Targeting the Choroid Plexuses for Protein Drug Delivery" Pharmaceutics 12, no. 10: 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12100963

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop