In Vitro Stimulation of Multidrug Resistance-Associated Protein 2 Function Is Not Reproduced In Vivo in Rats
AbstractPreviously we reported that coproporphyrin-I (CP-I) is an optimal probe substrate for multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), and stimulation of MRP2-mediated transport is probe substrate-dependent. In the present investigation, we assessed if the in vitro stimulation is physiologically relevant. Similar to human MRP2 transport, CP-I was transported by rat Mrp2 in a typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics with apparent Km and Vmax values of 15 ± 6 µM and 161 ± 20 pmol/min/mg protein, respectively. In vivo Mrp2 functions were monitored by biliary and renal secretion of CP-I and its isomer CP-III, in bile-duct cannulated rats before and after treatment with mitoxantrone, progesterone, and verapamil. These compounds stimulated Mrp2-mediated CP-I transport in vitro. No significant increase in biliary or renal clearances, as well as in the cumulative amount of CP-I or CP-III eliminated in bile, were detected following treatment with the in vitro stimulators, indicating an in vitro to in vivo disconnect. In presence of 10 µM bilirubin, the in vitro stimulation was suppressed. We concluded that the in vitro stimulation of CP-I transport mediated by Mrp2 is not translatable in vivo, and proposed that the presence of endogenous compounds such as bilirubin in the liver may contribute to the in vitro to in vivo disconnect. View Full-Text
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Gilibili, R.R.; Kurawattimath, V.; Murali, B.V.; Lai, Y.; Mariappan, T.T.; Shen, H.; Chatterjee, S. In Vitro Stimulation of Multidrug Resistance-Associated Protein 2 Function Is Not Reproduced In Vivo in Rats. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 125.
Gilibili RR, Kurawattimath V, Murali BV, Lai Y, Mariappan TT, Shen H, Chatterjee S. In Vitro Stimulation of Multidrug Resistance-Associated Protein 2 Function Is Not Reproduced In Vivo in Rats. Pharmaceutics. 2018; 10(3):125.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gilibili, Ravindranath R.; Kurawattimath, Vishwanath; Murali, Bokka V.; Lai, Yurong; Mariappan, T. T.; Shen, Hong; Chatterjee, Sagnik. 2018. "In Vitro Stimulation of Multidrug Resistance-Associated Protein 2 Function Is Not Reproduced In Vivo in Rats." Pharmaceutics 10, no. 3: 125.
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