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Alphaviruses in Gene Therapy
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Viruses 2015, 7(6), 2965-2979;

Lentiviral Vector Mediated Claudin1 Silencing Inhibits Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Breast Cancer Cells

Department of Medicine, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
Center for Cancer Research, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 19 S. Manassas St., Rm. 266, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kenneth Lundstrom
Received: 17 February 2015 / Revised: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 4 June 2015 / Published: 10 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gene Therapy with Emphasis on RNA Interference)
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Breast cancer has a high incidence and mortality rate worldwide. Several viral vectors including lentiviral, adenoviral and adeno-associated viral vectors have been used in gene therapy for various forms of human cancer, and have shown promising effects in controlling tumor development. Claudin1 (CLDN1) is a member of the tetraspan transmembrane protein family that plays a major role in tight junctions and is associated with tumor metastasis. However, the role of CLDN1 in breast cancer is largely unexplored. In this study, we tested the therapeutic potential of silencing CLDN1 expression in two breast cancer (MDA-MB-231 and MCF7) cell lines using lentiviral vector mediated RNA interference. We found that a CLDN1 short hairpin (shRNA) construct efficiently silenced CLDN1 expression in both breast cancer cell lines, and CLDN1 knockdown resulted in reduced cell proliferation, survival, migration and invasion. Furthermore, silencing CLDN1 inhibited epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) by upregulating the epithelial cell marker, E-cadherin, and downregulating mesenchymal markers, smooth muscle cell alpha-actin (SMA) and Snai2. Our data demonstrated that lentiviral vector mediated CLDN1 RNA interference has great potential in breast cancer gene therapy by inhibiting EMT and controlling tumor cell growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: CLDN1; epithelial to mesenchymal transition; breast cancer CLDN1; epithelial to mesenchymal transition; breast cancer

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Zhao, X.; Zou, Y.; Gu, Q.; Zhao, G.; Gray, H.; Pfeffer, L.M.; Yue, J. Lentiviral Vector Mediated Claudin1 Silencing Inhibits Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in Breast Cancer Cells. Viruses 2015, 7, 2965-2979.

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