Next Article in Journal
Changes of CD4+CD25+ Cells Ratio in Immune Organs from Chickens Challenged with Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Strains with Varying Virulences
Next Article in Special Issue
Hydrogen Peroxide Induce Human Cytomegalovirus Replication through the Activation of p38-MAPK Signaling Pathway
Previous Article in Journal
Human Papillomavirus and Tonsillar and Base of Tongue Cancer
Previous Article in Special Issue
HIV-1 Replication and the Cellular Eukaryotic Translation Apparatus
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Viruses 2015, 7(3), 1344-1356;

Both ERK1 and ERK2 Are Required for Enterovirus 71 (EV71) Efficient Replication

Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Boehr
Received: 13 February 2015 / Revised: 12 March 2015 / Accepted: 17 March 2015 / Published: 20 March 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [1084 KB, uploaded 12 May 2015]   |  


It has been demonstrated that MEK1, one of the two MEK isoforms in Raf-MEK-ERK1/2 pathway, is essential for successful EV71 propagation. However, the distinct function of ERK1 and ERK2 isoforms, the downstream kinases of MEKs, remains unclear in EV71 replication. In this study, specific ERK siRNAs and selective inhibitor U0126 were applied. Silencing specific ERK did not significantly impact on the EV71-caused biphasic activation of the other ERK isoform, suggesting the EV71-induced activations of ERK1 and ERK2 were non-discriminative and independent to one another. Knockdown of either ERK1 or ERK2 markedly impaired progeny EV71 propagation (both by more than 90%), progeny viral RNA amplification (either by about 30% to 40%) and protein synthesis (both by around 70%), indicating both ERK1 and ERK2 were critical and not interchangeable to EV71 propagation. Moreover, suppression of EV71 replication by inhibiting both early and late phases of ERK1/2 activation showed no significant difference from that of only blocking the late phase, supporting the late phase activation was more importantly responsible for EV71 life cycle. Taken together, this study for the first time identified both ERK1 and ERK2 were required for EV71 efficient replication and further verified the important role of MEK1-ERK1/2 in EV71 replication. View Full-Text
Keywords: EV71; virus replication; ERK1; ERK2 EV71; virus replication; ERK1; ERK2

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, M.; Duan, H.; Gao, M.; Zhang, H.; Peng, Y. Both ERK1 and ERK2 Are Required for Enterovirus 71 (EV71) Efficient Replication. Viruses 2015, 7, 1344-1356.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Viruses EISSN 1999-4915 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top