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Emergence of Two Distinct SARS-CoV-2 Gamma Variants and the Rapid Spread of P.1-like-II SARS-CoV-2 during the Second Wave of COVID-19 in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

1
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis 88040-900, Brazil
2
Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina, Lages 88506-400, Brazil
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Biome-Hub Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, Florianópolis 88054-700, Brazil
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Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-220, Brazil
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Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina, Joaçaba 89600-000, Brazil
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Secretaria de Estado da Saúde, Florianópolis 88015-130, Brazil
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Laboratório Central do Estado da Saúde de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis 88010-001, Brazil
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Diretoria de Vigilância Epidemiológica de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis 88015-130, Brazil
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Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial, Chapecó 70040-903, Brazil
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University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors were co-principal investigators.
Academic Editors: Joan Puig-Barberà, María Lourdes Guerrero, Anna Sominina, Svetlana V. Trushakova and F. Xavier López-Labrador
Viruses 2022, 14(4), 695; https://doi.org/10.3390/v14040695
Received: 25 February 2022 / Revised: 18 March 2022 / Accepted: 22 March 2022 / Published: 27 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Acute Respiratory Viruses Molecular Epidemiology)
The western mesoregion of the state of Santa Catarina (SC), Southern Brazil, was heavily affected as a whole by the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2021. This study aimed to evaluate the dynamics of the SARS-CoV-2 virus spreading patterns in the SC state from March 2020 to April 2021 using genomic surveillance. During this period, there were 23 distinct variants, including Beta and Gamma, among which the Gamma and related lineages were predominant in the second pandemic wave within SC. A regionalization of P.1-like-II in the Western SC region was observed, concomitant to the increase in cases, mortality, and the case fatality rate (CFR) index. This is the first evidence of the regionalization of the SARS-CoV-2 transmission in SC and it highlights the importance of tracking the variants, dispersion, and impact of SARS-CoV-2 on the public health systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; surveillance; genome; SARS-CoV-2 P.1 variant SARS-CoV-2; surveillance; genome; SARS-CoV-2 P.1 variant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Padilha, D.A.; Benetti Filho, V.; Moreira, R.S.; Soratto, T.A.T.; Maia, G.A.; Christoff, A.P.; Barazzetti, F.H.; Schörner, M.A.; Ferrari, F.L.; Martins, C.L.; Kawagoe, E.K.; Wachter, J.K.; Sachet, P.; Baptistella, A.R.; Schlindwein, A.D.; Coelho, B.K.; Fernandes, S.B.; Rovaris, D.B.; Debiasi dos Anjos, M.P.; Melo, F.R.; Bittencourt, B.; Cunha, S.; Meneghetti, K.L.; Wendt, N.; Madaloz, T.Z.; Rodrigues, M.V.D.; Souza, D.S.M.; Moraes, M.H.d.; Baptista, R.d.P.; Toledo-Silva, G.; Razzera, G.; Grisard, E.C.; Stoco, P.H.; de Oliveira, L.F.V.; Bazzo, M.L.; Fongaro, G.; Wagner, G. Emergence of Two Distinct SARS-CoV-2 Gamma Variants and the Rapid Spread of P.1-like-II SARS-CoV-2 during the Second Wave of COVID-19 in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Viruses 2022, 14, 695. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14040695

AMA Style

Padilha DA, Benetti Filho V, Moreira RS, Soratto TAT, Maia GA, Christoff AP, Barazzetti FH, Schörner MA, Ferrari FL, Martins CL, Kawagoe EK, Wachter JK, Sachet P, Baptistella AR, Schlindwein AD, Coelho BK, Fernandes SB, Rovaris DB, Debiasi dos Anjos MP, Melo FR, Bittencourt B, Cunha S, Meneghetti KL, Wendt N, Madaloz TZ, Rodrigues MVD, Souza DSM, Moraes MHd, Baptista RdP, Toledo-Silva G, Razzera G, Grisard EC, Stoco PH, de Oliveira LFV, Bazzo ML, Fongaro G, Wagner G. Emergence of Two Distinct SARS-CoV-2 Gamma Variants and the Rapid Spread of P.1-like-II SARS-CoV-2 during the Second Wave of COVID-19 in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Viruses. 2022; 14(4):695. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14040695

Chicago/Turabian Style

Padilha, Dayane A., Vilmar Benetti Filho, Renato S. Moreira, Tatiany A.T. Soratto, Guilherme A. Maia, Ana P. Christoff, Fernando H. Barazzetti, Marcos A. Schörner, Fernanda L. Ferrari, Carolina L. Martins, Eric K. Kawagoe, Julia K. Wachter, Paula Sachet, Antuani R. Baptistella, Aline D. Schlindwein, Bruna K. Coelho, Sandra B. Fernandes, Darcita B. Rovaris, Marlei P. Debiasi dos Anjos, Fernanda R. Melo, Bianca Bittencourt, Sthefani Cunha, Karine L. Meneghetti, Nestor Wendt, Tâmela Z. Madaloz, Marcus V.D. Rodrigues, Doris S.M. Souza, Milene H.d. Moraes, Rodrigo d.P. Baptista, Guilherme Toledo-Silva, Guilherme Razzera, Edmundo C. Grisard, Patricia H. Stoco, Luiz F.V. de Oliveira, Maria L. Bazzo, Gislaine Fongaro, and Glauber Wagner. 2022. "Emergence of Two Distinct SARS-CoV-2 Gamma Variants and the Rapid Spread of P.1-like-II SARS-CoV-2 during the Second Wave of COVID-19 in Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil" Viruses 14, no. 4: 695. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14040695

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