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Special Issue: “Viral Genetic Diversity”
Review

Known and Potential Invertebrate Vectors of Raspberry Viruses

1
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
2
Biology Centre CAS, Institute of Entomology, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
3
Division of Biotechnology and Plant Health, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), 1433 Ås, Norway
4
Biology Centre CAS, Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Beata Hasiów-Jaroszewska and Matthaios M. Mathioudakis
Viruses 2022, 14(3), 571; https://doi.org/10.3390/v14030571
Received: 28 January 2022 / Revised: 3 March 2022 / Accepted: 7 March 2022 / Published: 10 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Virus Epidemiology and Control 2022)
The estimated global production of raspberry from year 2016 to 2020 averaged 846,515 tons. The most common cultivated Rubus spp. is European red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L. subsp. idaeus). Often cultivated for its high nutritional value, the red raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is susceptible to multiple viruses that lead to yield loss. These viruses are transmitted through different mechanisms, of which one is invertebrate vectors. Aphids and nematodes are known to be vectors of specific raspberry viruses. However, there are still other potential raspberry virus vectors that are not well-studied. This review aimed to provide an overview of studies related to this topic. All the known invertebrates feeding on raspberry were summarized. Eight species of aphids and seven species of plant-parasitic nematodes were the only proven raspberry virus vectors. In addition, the eriophyid mite, Phyllocoptes gracilis, has been suggested as the natural vector of raspberry leaf blotch virus based on the current available evidence. Interactions between vector and non-vector herbivore may promote the spread of raspberry viruses. As a conclusion, there are still multiple aspects of this topic that require further studies to get a better understanding of the interactions among the viral pathogens, invertebrate vectors, and non-vectors in the raspberry agroecosystem. Eventually, this will assist in development of better pest management strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rubus idaeus; aphids; mites; nematodes; arthropod pests; soft fruit; integrated pest management; virus control; virus-vector interactions; virus transmission Rubus idaeus; aphids; mites; nematodes; arthropod pests; soft fruit; integrated pest management; virus control; virus-vector interactions; virus transmission
MDPI and ACS Style

Tan, J.L.; Trandem, N.; Fránová, J.; Hamborg, Z.; Blystad, D.-R.; Zemek, R. Known and Potential Invertebrate Vectors of Raspberry Viruses. Viruses 2022, 14, 571. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14030571

AMA Style

Tan JL, Trandem N, Fránová J, Hamborg Z, Blystad D-R, Zemek R. Known and Potential Invertebrate Vectors of Raspberry Viruses. Viruses. 2022; 14(3):571. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14030571

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tan, Jiunn L., Nina Trandem, Jana Fránová, Zhibo Hamborg, Dag-Ragnar Blystad, and Rostislav Zemek. 2022. "Known and Potential Invertebrate Vectors of Raspberry Viruses" Viruses 14, no. 3: 571. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14030571

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