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Review

miRNAs, from Evolutionary Junk to Possible Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets in COVID-19

1
Laboratorio HLA, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosío Villegas, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
2
Escuela Superior de Medicina, Departamento de Posgrado, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City 11340, Mexico
3
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Anáhuac México Norte, Mexico City 52786, Mexico
4
Organismo Público Descentralizado, Servicios de Salud Jalisco, Zapopan City 45010, Mexico
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Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Departamento de Fibrosis Pulmonar, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosío Villegas, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
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Departamento de Epidemiología Hospitalaria e Infectología, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosío Villegas, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
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Laboratorio de Cáncer Pulmonar, Departamento de Enfermedades Crónico-Degenerativas, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosío Villegas, Mexico City 14080, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Kyung-Yil Lee and Seung-Beom Han
Viruses 2022, 14(1), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/v14010041
Received: 4 December 2021 / Accepted: 21 December 2021 / Published: 27 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Early Immune-Modulator Treatment in COVID-19)
The COVID-19 pandemic has been a public health issue around the world in the last few years. Currently, there is no specific antiviral treatment to fight the disease. Thus, it is essential to highlight possible prognostic predictors that could identify patients with a high risk of developing complications. Within this framework, miRNA biomolecules play a vital role in the genetic regulation of various genes, principally, those related to the pathophysiology of the disease. Here, we review the interaction of host and viral microRNAs with molecular and cellular elements that could potentiate the main pulmonary, cardiac, renal, circulatory, and neuronal complications in COVID-19 patients. miR-26a, miR-29b, miR-21, miR-372, and miR-2392, among others, have been associated with exacerbation of the inflammatory process, increasing the risk of a cytokine storm. In addition, increased expression of miR-15b, -199a, and -491 are related to the prognosis of the disease, and miR-192 and miR-323a were identified as clinical predictors of mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Finally, we address miR-29, miR-122, miR-155, and miR-200, among others, as possible therapeutic targets. However, more studies are required to confirm these findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: miRNA; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; virus; prognosis; therapeutic; complications miRNA; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; virus; prognosis; therapeutic; complications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bautista-Becerril, B.; Pérez-Dimas, G.; Sommerhalder-Nava, P.C.; Hanono, A.; Martínez-Cisneros, J.A.; Zarate-Maldonado, B.; Muñoz-Soria, E.; Aquino-Gálvez, A.; Castillejos-López, M.; Juárez-Cisneros, A.; Lopez-Gonzalez, J.S.; Camarena, A. miRNAs, from Evolutionary Junk to Possible Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets in COVID-19. Viruses 2022, 14, 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14010041

AMA Style

Bautista-Becerril B, Pérez-Dimas G, Sommerhalder-Nava PC, Hanono A, Martínez-Cisneros JA, Zarate-Maldonado B, Muñoz-Soria E, Aquino-Gálvez A, Castillejos-López M, Juárez-Cisneros A, Lopez-Gonzalez JS, Camarena A. miRNAs, from Evolutionary Junk to Possible Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets in COVID-19. Viruses. 2022; 14(1):41. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14010041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bautista-Becerril, Brandon, Guillermo Pérez-Dimas, Paola C. Sommerhalder-Nava, Alejandro Hanono, Julio A. Martínez-Cisneros, Bárbara Zarate-Maldonado, Evangelina Muñoz-Soria, Arnoldo Aquino-Gálvez, Manuel Castillejos-López, Armida Juárez-Cisneros, Jose S. Lopez-Gonzalez, and Angel Camarena. 2022. "miRNAs, from Evolutionary Junk to Possible Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets in COVID-19" Viruses 14, no. 1: 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14010041

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