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Open AccessArticle

2′, 5′-Oligoadenylate Synthetase 2 (OAS2) Inhibits Zika Virus Replication through Activation of Type Ι IFN Signaling Pathway

1
Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Chengdu 100730, China
2
Liver Center and Gastrointestinal Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(4), 418; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040418
Received: 20 March 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 6 April 2020 / Published: 8 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
Background: 2′, 5′-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (OAS2) has been known as an antiviral interferon-stimulated gene (ISG). However, the role of OAS2 on Zika virus (ZIKV) replication is still unknown. In this study, we sought to explore the effect of OAS2 on ZIKV replication and its underlying mechanism. Methods: We performed RNA-Seq in A549 cells with or without ZIKV infection. OAS2 or RIG-I was overexpressed by plasmid transfection or knocked down by siRNA in A549 cells. Expression levels of mRNA and protein of selected genes were detected by RT-qPCR and Western Blot, respectively. Interferon stimulated response element (ISRE) activity was examined by dual luciferase assay. Results: We found that ZIKV infection induced OAS2 expression through a RIG-I-dependent pathway. OAS2 overexpression inhibited ZIKV replication, while OAS2 knockdown increased ZIKV replication. We observed that OAS2 inhibited ZIKV replication through enhanced IFNβ expression, leading to the activation of the Jak/STAT signaling pathway. Conclusion: ZIKV infection induced OAS2 expression, which in turn exerted its anti-ZIKV activities through the IFN-activated Jak/STAT signaling pathway. View Full-Text
Keywords: OAS2; ZIKV replication; IFNβ; Jak/STAT signaling pathway OAS2; ZIKV replication; IFNβ; Jak/STAT signaling pathway
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, X.; Xie, H.; Li, S.; Ye, H.; Li, S.; Ren, K.; Li, Y.; Xu, M.; Lin, W.; Duan, X.; Yang, C.; Chen, L. 2′, 5′-Oligoadenylate Synthetase 2 (OAS2) Inhibits Zika Virus Replication through Activation of Type Ι IFN Signaling Pathway. Viruses 2020, 12, 418.

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