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Article

Changes in Mass Treatment of the Canine Parvovirus ICU Population in Relation to Public Policy Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Research Department, Austin Pets Alive!, Austin, TX 78703, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giorgio Gallinella
Viruses 2020, 12(12), 1419; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12121419
Received: 17 October 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Parvovirus Research 2020)
Previous work has indicated that canine parvovirus (CPV) prevalence in the Central Texas region may follow yearly, periodic patterns. The peak in CPV infection rates occurs during the summer months of May and June, marking a distinct “CPV season”. We hypothesized that human activity contributes to these seasonal changes in CPV infections. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in drastic changes in human behavior which happened to synchronize with the CPV season in Central Texas, providing a unique opportunity with which to assess whether these society-level behavioral changes result in appreciable changes in CPV patient populations in the largest CPV treatment facility in Texas. In this work, we examine the population of CPV-infected patients at a large, dedicated CPV treatment clinic in Texas (having treated more than 5000 CPV-positive dogs in the last decade) and demonstrate that societal–behavioral changes due to COVID-19 were associated with a drastic reduction in CPV infections. This reduction occurred precisely when CPV season would typically begin, during the period immediately following state-wide “reopening” of business and facilities, resulting in a change in the typical CPV season when compared with previous years. These results provide evidence that changes in human activity may, in some way, contribute to changes in rates of CPV infection in the Central Texas region. View Full-Text
Keywords: canine; canine parvovirus; COVID-19; veterinary epidemiology canine; canine parvovirus; COVID-19; veterinary epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Horecka, K.; Ratnayaka, N.; Davis, E.A. Changes in Mass Treatment of the Canine Parvovirus ICU Population in Relation to Public Policy Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Viruses 2020, 12, 1419. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12121419

AMA Style

Horecka K, Ratnayaka N, Davis EA. Changes in Mass Treatment of the Canine Parvovirus ICU Population in Relation to Public Policy Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Viruses. 2020; 12(12):1419. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12121419

Chicago/Turabian Style

Horecka, Kevin, Nipuni Ratnayaka, and Elizabeth A. Davis. 2020. "Changes in Mass Treatment of the Canine Parvovirus ICU Population in Relation to Public Policy Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic" Viruses 12, no. 12: 1419. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12121419

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