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Open AccessBrief Report

Eradication of Swine Vesicular Disease in Italy

1
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia Romagna, National Reference Centre for Vesicular Diseases, Via Bianchi 9, 25124 Brescia, Italy
2
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Epidemiological Veterinary Centre Via Panebianco, 301-87100 Cosenza, Italy
3
Ministry of Health, General Directorate of Animal Health and Veterinary Medicinal Products, Viale Giorgio Ribotta, 5-00144 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(11), 1269; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12111269
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 5 November 2020 / Published: 7 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Endemic and Emerging Swine Viruses)
Swine vesicular disease (SVD) is a contagious viral disease of pigs clinically indistinguishable from other vesicular diseases, such as foot and mouth disease, vesicular stomatitis, vesicular exanthema of swine, and idiopathic vesicular disease. In Italy, where SVD was first reported in 1966, an eradication program started in 1995. The program, updated in 2008, was based on regionalization, complete control on pig movements, improvement of pig farms biosecurity, appropriate cleansing and disinfection procedures of vehicles approved for pig transportation, and a testing program using both serological and virological assays. In cases of confirmed SVD virus infection a stamping-out policy was applied. In the period 2009 to 2019, between 300,000 and 400,000 pigs were serologically tested each year. The last SVD outbreak was notified in 2015, and the last seropositive pig was detected in 2017. SVD surveillance is still ongoing and no proof of virus activity has been detected so far. All available data support the complete SVD virus eradication from the Italian pig industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: swine vesicular disease; eradication; Italy swine vesicular disease; eradication; Italy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tamba, M.; Plasmati, F.; Brocchi, E.; Ruocco, L. Eradication of Swine Vesicular Disease in Italy. Viruses 2020, 12, 1269.

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