Antiviral Activity of Fermented Ginseng Extracts against a Broad Range of Influenza Viruses
AbstractGinseng products used as herb nutritional supplements are orally consumed and fermented to ginsenoside compounds by the intestinal microbes. In this study, we investigated antiviral protective effects of fermented ginseng extracts against different strains of influenza viruses in genetically diverse mouse models. Intranasal coinoculation of mice with fermented ginseng extract and influenza virus improved survival rates and conferred protection against H1N1, H3N2, H5N1, and H7N9 strains, with the efficacy dependent on the dose of ginseng samples. Antiviral protection by fermented ginseng extract was observed in different genetic backgrounds of mice and in the deficient conditions of key adaptive immune components (CD4, CD8, B cell, MHCII). The mice that survived primary virus inoculation with fermented ginseng extract developed immunity against the secondary infection with homologous and heterosubtypic viruses. In vitro cell culture experiments showed moderate virus neutralizing activity by fermented ginseng extract, probably by inhibiting hemagglutination and neuraminidase activity. This study suggests that fermented ginseng extracts might provide a means to treat influenza disease regardless of virus strains. View Full-Text
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Wang, Y.; Jung, Y.-J.; Kim, K.-H.; Kwon, Y.; Kim, Y.-J.; Zhang, Z.; Kang, H.-S.; Wang, B.-Z.; Quan, F.-S.; Kang, S.-M. Antiviral Activity of Fermented Ginseng Extracts against a Broad Range of Influenza Viruses. Viruses 2018, 10, 471.
Wang Y, Jung Y-J, Kim K-H, Kwon Y, Kim Y-J, Zhang Z, Kang H-S, Wang B-Z, Quan F-S, Kang S-M. Antiviral Activity of Fermented Ginseng Extracts against a Broad Range of Influenza Viruses. Viruses. 2018; 10(9):471.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Ye; Jung, Yu-Jin; Kim, Ki-Hye; Kwon, Youngman; Kim, Yu-Jin; Zhang, Zhan; Kang, Heun-Soo; Wang, Bao-Zhong; Quan, Fu-Shi; Kang, Sang-Moo. 2018. "Antiviral Activity of Fermented Ginseng Extracts against a Broad Range of Influenza Viruses." Viruses 10, no. 9: 471.
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