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Novel Parvoviruses from Wild and Domestic Animals in Brazil Provide New Insights into Parvovirus Distribution and Diversity

1
Virology Research Center, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo,14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2
MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK
3
Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
4
Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Passo Fundo, RS 99010-200, Brazil
5
Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, Guarapuava 85015-430, Paraná, Brazil
6
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, São Paulo State University, Araçatuba, SP 16050-680, Brazil
7
Center for Technological Innovations, Evandro Chagas Institute, Ministry of Health, Ananindeua, Pará 67030-000, Pará, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2018, 10(4), 143; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10040143
Received: 19 February 2018 / Revised: 17 March 2018 / Accepted: 20 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
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Abstract

Parvoviruses (family Parvoviridae) are small, single-stranded DNA viruses. Many parvoviral pathogens of medical, veterinary and ecological importance have been identified. In this study, we used high-throughput sequencing (HTS) to investigate the diversity of parvoviruses infecting wild and domestic animals in Brazil. We identified 21 parvovirus sequences (including twelve nearly complete genomes and nine partial genomes) in samples derived from rodents, bats, opossums, birds and cattle in Pernambuco, São Paulo, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul states. These sequences were investigated using phylogenetic and distance-based approaches and were thereby classified into eight parvovirus species (six of which have not been described previously), representing six distinct genera in the subfamily Parvovirinae. Our findings extend the known biogeographic range of previously characterized parvovirus species and the known host range of three parvovirus genera (Dependovirus, Aveparvovirus and Tetraparvovirus). Moreover, our investigation provides a window into the ecological dynamics of parvovirus infections in vertebrates, revealing that many parvovirus genera contain well-defined sub-lineages that circulate widely throughout the world within particular taxonomic groups of hosts. View Full-Text
Keywords: parvovirus; Parvoviridae; ssDNA viruses; zoonotic viruses parvovirus; Parvoviridae; ssDNA viruses; zoonotic viruses
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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De Souza, W.M.; Dennis, T.; Fumagalli, M.J.; Araujo, J.; Sabino-Santos, G., Jr; Maia, F.G.M.; Acrani, G.O.; Carrasco, A.D.O.T.; Romeiro, M.F.; Modha, S.; Vieira, L.C.; Ometto, T.; Queiroz, L.H.; Durigon, E.L.; Nunes, M.R.T.; Figueiredo, L.T.M.; Gifford, R.J. Novel Parvoviruses from Wild and Domestic Animals in Brazil Provide New Insights into Parvovirus Distribution and Diversity. Viruses 2018, 10, 143.

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