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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating the Multi-Functionality of Forest Ecosystems in Northern Mexico

Instituto Politecnico Nacional, CIIDIR Durango, Sigma 119, 34233 Durango, Mexico
School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 15018, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
Escuela de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Juarez de Durango, Rio Papaloapan, Valle del Sur, 34120 Durango, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2018, 9(4), 178;
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 23 March 2018 / Accepted: 23 March 2018 / Published: 2 April 2018
Managing multiple ecosystem services is a complex task that involves special interactions among different resources, services, and stakeholders. Mexican forests have been traditionally managed for the single purpose of obtaining wood, benefiting a small sector of society. In this study, we evaluated the interactions among various ecosystem services, namely carbon content, tree diversity, surface water runoff, and the net present value of timber production. We also attempted to determine the most suitable basal area level that best satisfies the management of these services combined. Bivariate correlations, non-linear regression models, and a multiobjective decision-making technique are used to analyze the data in the study. Results indicate that trade-offs exist between surface water runoff and tree basal area. A synergistic relationship, between net present value and carbon content with basal area, was also observed. Tree diversity has a synergistic relationship with basal area in open forests, but a trade-off relationship in denser forests. The most preferred forest management level that satisfies the desired ecosystem services is between 17 and 21 m2/ha of residual basal area. We hope that adopting this multiobjective study can cement collaborative strategies among Mexican resource managers, landowners, environmental groups, and others interested in forest management. View Full-Text
Keywords: compromise programming; ecosystem services; multiobjective forest management; synergies; trade-offs compromise programming; ecosystem services; multiobjective forest management; synergies; trade-offs
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Perez-Verdin, G.; Monarrez-Gonzalez, J.C.; Tecle, A.; Pompa-Garcia, M. Evaluating the Multi-Functionality of Forest Ecosystems in Northern Mexico. Forests 2018, 9, 178.

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