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Article

REDD+ Contribution to Well-Being and Income Is Marginal: The Perspective of Local Stakeholders

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Center for International Forestry Research, Jalan Cifor, Situ Gede, Bogor Barat, Jawa Barat 16115, Indonesia
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Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, Worblentalstrasse 68, 3063 Ittigen, CH-3003 Bern, Switzerland
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Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jalan Gatot Subroto No.10, Jakarta Selatan 12710, Indonesia
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Fireman Hospitality Group, 310 Greenwich Street, New York, NY 10013, USA
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Conservation Strategy Fund, Sahid Sudirman Center, 11th Floor, Suite 11A. Jalan Jendral Sudirman 86, Jakarta 10220, Indonesia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Forests 2017, 8(4), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040125
Received: 2 February 2017 / Revised: 15 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
In addition to being a global strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from tropical deforestation, Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) intends to protect and improve the well-being and income of local stakeholders. The intention is to provide livelihood support in exchange for local stakeholder involvement in protecting forests. Eleven years after the launch of REDD+ at COP 11 in Montreal, the degree of success in meeting well-being and income goals is examined in six countries (Brazil, Peru, Cameroon, Tanzania, Indonesia, Vietnam) at 22 initiatives, 149 villages, and approximately 4000 households through a counter-factual approach. Half the villages and households are inside and half are outside the sphere of REDD+. Measurements are made at two points in time (2010–2012, and 2013–2014). This paper focuses on measurement of the subjective perception of local stakeholders. The study finds that REDD+ has not contributed significantly to perceived well-being and income sufficiency, in spite of the fact that most households have not only engaged with REDD+ interventions, but view them favorably. REDD+’s limited achievement to date is due to unavailability of funding, among other obstacles. Recommendations are made for enhanced attention to well-being and income sufficiency in the event that REDD+ eventually takes off. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest; deforestation; climate change; REDD+; livelihood; income; well-being; subjective well-being; difference-in-difference forest; deforestation; climate change; REDD+; livelihood; income; well-being; subjective well-being; difference-in-difference
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sunderlin, W.D.; De Sassi, C.; Ekaputri, A.D.; Light, M.; Pratama, C.D. REDD+ Contribution to Well-Being and Income Is Marginal: The Perspective of Local Stakeholders. Forests 2017, 8, 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040125

AMA Style

Sunderlin WD, De Sassi C, Ekaputri AD, Light M, Pratama CD. REDD+ Contribution to Well-Being and Income Is Marginal: The Perspective of Local Stakeholders. Forests. 2017; 8(4):125. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040125

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sunderlin, William D., Claudio De Sassi, Andini D. Ekaputri, Mara Light, and Christy D. Pratama 2017. "REDD+ Contribution to Well-Being and Income Is Marginal: The Perspective of Local Stakeholders" Forests 8, no. 4: 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040125

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