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Surface Soil Carbon Storage in Urban Green Spaces in Three Major South Korean Cities

Environmental Planning Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
Forest Practice Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science, Pocheon 11186, Korea
Department of Environment and Forest Resources, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
Division of Forest Industry Research, National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul 02455, Korea
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Francisco Escobedo, Stephen John Livesley and Justin Morgenroth
Forests 2016, 7(6), 115;
Received: 17 March 2016 / Revised: 23 May 2016 / Accepted: 23 May 2016 / Published: 28 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban and Periurban Forest Diversity and Ecosystem Services)
PDF [2106 KB, uploaded 28 May 2016]


Quantifying and managing carbon (C) storage in urban green space (UGS) soils is associated with the ecosystem services necessary for human well-being and the national C inventory report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Here, the soil C stocks at 30-cm depths in different types of UGS’s (roadside, park, school forest, and riverside) were studied in three major South Korean cities that have experienced recent, rapid development. The total C of 666 soil samples was analyzed, and these results were combined with the available UGS inventory data. Overall, the mean soil bulk density, C concentration, and C density at 30-cm depths were 1.22 g·cm−3, 7.31 g·C·kg−1, and 2.13 kg·C·m−2, respectively. The UGS soil C stock (Gg·C) at 30-cm depths was 105.6 for Seoul, 43.6 for Daegu, and 26.4 for Daejeon. The lower C storage of Korean UGS soils than those of other countries is due to the low soil C concentration and the smaller land area under UGS. Strategic management practices that augment the organic matter supply in soil are expected to enhance C storage in South Korean UGS soils. View Full-Text
Keywords: park; riverside; roadside; settlement; soil carbon sequestration park; riverside; roadside; settlement; soil carbon sequestration

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Yoon, T.K.; Seo, K.W.; Park, G.S.; Son, Y.M.; Son, Y. Surface Soil Carbon Storage in Urban Green Spaces in Three Major South Korean Cities. Forests 2016, 7, 115.

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