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Wood Quality and Growth Characterization across Intra- and Inter-Specific Hybrid Aspen Clones
AbstractTrembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) is one of the most abundant poplar species in North America; it is native, displays substantial breadth in distribution inhabiting several geographical and climatic ecoregions, is notable for its rapid growth, and is ecologically and economically important. As the demand for raw material continues to increase rapidly, there is a pressing need to improve both tree quality and growth rates via breeding efforts. Hybridization is considered one of the most promising options to simultaneously accelerate these tree characteristics, as it takes advantage of heterosis. Two aspen species showing particular promise for hybridization with trembling aspen are European aspen (P. tremula) and Chinese aspen (P. davidiana) because their native climates are similar to that of P. tremuloides and are also very easy to hybridize. In 2003, aspen clones were planted in Athabasca, Alberta from the following species crosses: open pollinated (OP) P. tremuloides (NN), OP P. davidiana (CC), P. tremula × P. tremula (EE), P. tremula × P. tremuloides (EN), and P. tremuloides × P. davidiana (CN). In November 2010, growth measurements and core samples were taken from seven-year field grown clones. Comparisons of the mean growth and cell wall traits were made between crosses using generalized linear model least squares means tests for stem volume, fiber length, fiber width, coarseness, wood density, microfibril angle, total cell wall carbohydrate and lignin content, and lignin composition. The results clearly indicated that the inter-specific crosses offer a means to breed for more desirable wood characteristics than the intra-specific Populus spp. crosses.
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Hart, J.F.; de Araujo, F.; Thomas, B.R.; Mansfield, S.D. Wood Quality and Growth Characterization across Intra- and Inter-Specific Hybrid Aspen Clones. Forests 2013, 4, 786-807.View more citation formats
Hart JF, de Araujo F, Thomas BR, Mansfield SD. Wood Quality and Growth Characterization across Intra- and Inter-Specific Hybrid Aspen Clones. Forests. 2013; 4(4):786-807.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hart, James F.; de Araujo, Francis; Thomas, Barb R.; Mansfield, Shawn D. 2013. "Wood Quality and Growth Characterization across Intra- and Inter-Specific Hybrid Aspen Clones." Forests 4, no. 4: 786-807.