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Latent Demand and Time Contextual Constraints to Outdoor Recreation in Sweden

Department of Tourism, Mid-Sweden University, Östersund 83125, Sweden
Swedish National Institute of Public Health, Östersund 83140, Sweden
School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks & Tourism, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2012, 3(1), 1-21;
Received: 1 September 2011 / Revised: 1 December 2011 / Accepted: 19 December 2011 / Published: 23 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Expanding Forests’ Benefits: Forest-based Recreation and Tourism)
This study analyzes the latent demand to outdoor recreation participation and identifies what factors are constraining people from realizing this demand. In Sweden, recreation in the outdoors is seen as a public right as articulated in public policy and much of the outdoor recreation centre around forested landscapes—over 60 percent of the land area is classified as forest. Using data from a nationwide survey of 43 recreation activities, the study takes a time-contextual approach to reveal variations in recreation constraints across weekdays, weekends and holidays. Results show that almost half the population has a latent demand to increase their participation in outdoor recreation. Three categories of time contextual constraints are identified and several of the constraints studied show variations across outdoor activities and socio-economic factors. Practical implications for the promotion of outdoor recreation participation by public agencies, recreation managers and tourism businesses are discussed based on the study findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: recreation; demand; constraints; national survey recreation; demand; constraints; national survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fredman, P.; Romild, U.; Yuan, M.; Wolf-Watz, D. Latent Demand and Time Contextual Constraints to Outdoor Recreation in Sweden. Forests 2012, 3, 1-21.

AMA Style

Fredman P, Romild U, Yuan M, Wolf-Watz D. Latent Demand and Time Contextual Constraints to Outdoor Recreation in Sweden. Forests. 2012; 3(1):1-21.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fredman, Peter, Ulla Romild, Mike Yuan, and Daniel Wolf-Watz. 2012. "Latent Demand and Time Contextual Constraints to Outdoor Recreation in Sweden" Forests 3, no. 1: 1-21.

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