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Review

Informal Employment in the Forest Sector: A Scoping Review

Thünen Institute of Forestry, Leuschnerstrasse 91, 21031 Hamburg, Germany
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Academic Editor: Luis Diaz-Balteiro
Forests 2022, 13(3), 460; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13030460
Received: 26 January 2022 / Revised: 7 March 2022 / Accepted: 10 March 2022 / Published: 15 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Economics, Policy, and Social Science)
Informal employment has been observed for decades and inevitably accompanies the formal economy globally, and it does not disappear to date along with economic growth. Particularly in developing countries, informal employment has increased beyond expectation. This scoping literature review, therefore, aims to identify and analyze the magnitude, causes, characteristics and socioeconomic effects of informal employment in the forest sector on a global scale. The literature analysis reveals that informal employment is predominant in the forest sector. Poverty, lack of education and migration are the causes of informal employment both in general and in the forest sector. Informal employment in the forest sector has various decent work deficits. At the same time, informal employment in the forest sector has induced and enlarged socioeconomic effects of working poverty and occupational accidents and illnesses. View Full-Text
Keywords: cause of informal employment; characteristics of informal employment; socioeconomic effects of informal employment; scoping review; forest sector cause of informal employment; characteristics of informal employment; socioeconomic effects of informal employment; scoping review; forest sector
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cui, S.; Lippe, R.S.; Schweinle, J. Informal Employment in the Forest Sector: A Scoping Review. Forests 2022, 13, 460. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13030460

AMA Style

Cui S, Lippe RS, Schweinle J. Informal Employment in the Forest Sector: A Scoping Review. Forests. 2022; 13(3):460. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13030460

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cui, Shannon, Rattiya S. Lippe, and Jörg Schweinle. 2022. "Informal Employment in the Forest Sector: A Scoping Review" Forests 13, no. 3: 460. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13030460

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