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Article

Monitoring Carbon Stock and Land-Use Change in 5000-Year-Old Juniper Forest Stand of Ziarat, Balochistan, through a Synergistic Approach

1
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, National University of Science and Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
Department of Forest Science & Biodiversity, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor 43400, Malaysia
3
Department of Forest Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Science, Technische Universität, 01069 Dresden, Germany
4
Institut Ecosains Borneo, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Kampus, Sarawak 97008, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2021, 12(1), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010051
Received: 24 September 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 17 November 2020 / Published: 1 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mapping and Monitoring Forest Cover)
The Juniper forest reserve of Ziarat is one of the biggest Juniperus forests in the world. This study assessed the land-use changes and carbon stock of Ziarat. Different types of carbon pools were quantified in terms of storage in the study area in tons/ha i.e., above ground, soil, shrubs and litter. The Juniper species of this forest is putatively called Juniperus excelsa Beiberstein. To estimate above-ground biomass, different allometric equations were applied. Average above ground carbon stock of the forest was estimated as 8.34 ton/ha, 7.79 ton/ha and 8.4 ton/ha using each equation. Average carbon stock in soil, shrubs and litter was calculated as 24.35 ton/ha, 0.05 ton/ha and 1.52 ton/ha, respectively. Based on our results, soil carbon stock in the Juniper forest of Ziarat came out to be higher than the living biomass. Furthermore, the spatio-temporal classified maps for Ziarat showed that forest area has significantly decreased, while agricultural and barren lands increased from 1988 to 2018. This was supported by the fact that estimated carbon stock also showed a decreasing pattern between the evaluation periods of 1988 to 2018. Furthermore, the trend for land use and carbon stock was estimated post 2018 using a linear prediction model. The results corroborate the assumption that under a business as usual scenario, it is highly likely that the Juniperus forest will severely decline. View Full-Text
Keywords: Juniperus; above-ground biomass; land-use; allometric equation; satellite remote sensing; land cover classification Juniperus; above-ground biomass; land-use; allometric equation; satellite remote sensing; land cover classification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jallat, H.; Khokhar, M.F.; Kudus, K.A.; Nazre, M.; Saqib, N.u.; Tahir, U.; Khan, W.R. Monitoring Carbon Stock and Land-Use Change in 5000-Year-Old Juniper Forest Stand of Ziarat, Balochistan, through a Synergistic Approach. Forests 2021, 12, 51. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010051

AMA Style

Jallat H, Khokhar MF, Kudus KA, Nazre M, Saqib Nu, Tahir U, Khan WR. Monitoring Carbon Stock and Land-Use Change in 5000-Year-Old Juniper Forest Stand of Ziarat, Balochistan, through a Synergistic Approach. Forests. 2021; 12(1):51. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010051

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jallat, Hamayoon, Muhammad Fahim Khokhar, Kamziah Abdul Kudus, Mohd Nazre, Najam u Saqib, Usman Tahir, and Waseem Razzaq Khan. 2021. "Monitoring Carbon Stock and Land-Use Change in 5000-Year-Old Juniper Forest Stand of Ziarat, Balochistan, through a Synergistic Approach" Forests 12, no. 1: 51. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010051

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