Next Article in Journal
Influence of Board Density on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Bamboo Oriented Strand Lumber
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Stem Snapping on Aspen Timber Assortment Recovery in Hemiboreal Forests
Previous Article in Journal
Who Adopts Agroforestry in a Subsistence Economy?—Lessons from the Terai of Nepal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Presence of Root Rot Reduces Stability of Norway Spruce (Picea abies): Results of Static Pulling Tests in Latvia
Article

A Financial Assessment of Windstorm Risks for Scots Pine Stands in Hemiboreal Forests

1
Latvian State Forest Research Institute, Silava, Rīgas Street 111, LV–2169 Salaspils, Latvia
2
Forestry Faculty, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Liela iela 2, LV–3001 Jelgava, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(5), 566; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11050566
Received: 31 March 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 14 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Wind on Trees)
Windstorms are a significant disturbance in northern European Scots pine forests. Mechanistic models for assessment of their impact have been developed. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of windstorms on the financial value of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands. Wind damage probability in stands with certain dimensions (linked to age and site index) and the reduced value retrieved from salvage logging instead of planned harvest in undamaged stands were used for calculation. Equivalent annual annuity with interest rates of 3%, 4%, and 5%, three different commercial thinning regimes, and different planting densities were used to assess the mean influence. Wind damage risk had a notable and significant negative effect on the financial value of Scots pine forest stands. Equivalent annual annuity decreased sharply with stand age, especially in the most productive sites (SI 36). The negative financial impact could be reduced by selection of a lower initial planting density (1000–2000 trees ha−1 instead of 3000) and by reducing the rotation period, for example, by using target diameter as the criteria for the time of final harvest. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind damage; natural disturbance; critical wind speed; monetary value wind damage; natural disturbance; critical wind speed; monetary value
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Donis, J.; Saleniece, R.; Krisans, O.; Dubrovskis, E.; Kitenberga, M.; Jansons, A. A Financial Assessment of Windstorm Risks for Scots Pine Stands in Hemiboreal Forests. Forests 2020, 11, 566. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11050566

AMA Style

Donis J, Saleniece R, Krisans O, Dubrovskis E, Kitenberga M, Jansons A. A Financial Assessment of Windstorm Risks for Scots Pine Stands in Hemiboreal Forests. Forests. 2020; 11(5):566. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11050566

Chicago/Turabian Style

Donis, Janis; Saleniece, Renate; Krisans, Oskars; Dubrovskis, Edgars; Kitenberga, Mara; Jansons, Aris. 2020. "A Financial Assessment of Windstorm Risks for Scots Pine Stands in Hemiboreal Forests" Forests 11, no. 5: 566. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11050566

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop