Next Article in Journal
Phenotypic Correlations among Growth and Selected Wood Properties in White Spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss)
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessing Forest Structure and Composition along the Altitudinal Gradient in the State of Sikkim, Eastern Himalayas, India
Previous Article in Journal
Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence and Phylogenetic Analysis of Quercus bawanglingensis Huang, Li et Xing, a Vulnerable Oak Tree in China
Open AccessArticle

Forest Structure, Wood Standing Stock, and Tree Biomass in Different Restoration Systems in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

1
Forest Science Department, School of Agriculture/FCA, São Paulo State University/UNESP, 18610-034 Botucatu, Brazil
2
USDA Forest Service, Research and Development, Washington, DC 20250-0003, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(7), 588; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10070588
Received: 15 June 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Structure and Sustainable Resource Management)
Reliable estimates of tree growth and wood yield are fundamental to support the management of restored forests and better reconcile the objectives of recovering biodiversity with the provision of ecosystem services. In this study, wood standing volumes and tree biomass stocks were estimated in different ecological restoration systems and at two sites with contrasting soil fertility, in order to evaluate the potential trade-offs between biodiversity and forest production. At each site, a complete randomized block design, with three replications of six treatments, was established in 1997–1998: direct seeding (DIRS), high-diversity tree plantation (HDIV), modified “Taungya” agroforestry system (AFS), mixed plantation with timber and firewood species (MIX), managed agroforestry system (AFSm) and managed mixed plantation (MIXm). We inventoried all trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥ 5 cm in 450 m2 per treatment per plot, 19–20 years after establishment, using site-specific allometric models. Significant site effects were found for tree height, tree density and wood volume. Restoration systems (treatments) affected forest structure and forest productivity. Higher wood stock and biomass tree were observed in the less complex system (DIRS), while AFSm and HDIV reconciled higher species richness and diversity with good wood volume yields and tree biomass. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropical semideciduous seasonal forest; ecological restoration; agroforestry; ecosystem services; Legal Reserve tropical semideciduous seasonal forest; ecological restoration; agroforestry; ecosystem services; Legal Reserve
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pontes, D.M.F.; Engel, V.L.; Parrotta, J.A. Forest Structure, Wood Standing Stock, and Tree Biomass in Different Restoration Systems in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Forests 2019, 10, 588.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop