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Open AccessArticle

Variations in Orthotropic Elastic Constants of Green Chinese Larch from Pith to Sapwood

School of Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 10083, China
Joint International Research Institute of Wood Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(5), 456;
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 22 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 25 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wood Properties and Processing)
Full sets of elastic constants of green Chinese larch (Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr) with 95% moisture content at four different cross-section sampling positions (from pith to sapwood) were determined in this work using three-point bending and compression tests. Variations in the material constants of green Chinese larch from pith to sapwood were investigated and analyzed. The results showed that the sensitivity of each elastic constant to the sampling position was different, and the coefficient of variation ranged from 4.3% to 48.7%. The Poisson’s ratios νRT measured at four different sampling positions were similar and the differences between them were not significant. The coefficient of variation for Poisson’s ratio νRT was only 4.3%. The four sampling positions had similar Poisson’s ratios νTL, though the coefficient of variation was 11.7%. The Poisson’s ratio νLT had the greatest variation in all elastic constants with a 48.7% coefficient of variation. A good linear relationship was observed between the longitudinal modulus of elastic EL, shear modulus of elasticity GRT, Poisson’s ratio νRT, and sampling distance. EL, GRT, and νRT all increased with sampling distance R. However, a quadratic relationship existed with the tangential modulus of elasticity ET, radial modulus of elasticity ER, shear modulus of elasticity GLT, and shear modulus of elasticity GLR. A discrete relationship was found in the other five Poisson’s ratios. The results of this study provide the factual changes in the elastic constants of green wood from pith to sapwood for numerical modelling of stress wave propagation in trees or logs. View Full-Text
Keywords: orthotropic; elastic constants; green larch; compression; three-point bending orthotropic; elastic constants; green larch; compression; three-point bending
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Liu, F.; Zhang, H.; Jiang, F.; Wang, X.; Guan, C. Variations in Orthotropic Elastic Constants of Green Chinese Larch from Pith to Sapwood. Forests 2019, 10, 456.

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