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Open AccessArticle

Climatic and Economic Factors Affecting the Annual Supply of Wild Edible Mushrooms and Berries in Finland

1
Faculty of Science and Forestry, School of Forest Sciences, University of Eastern Finland (UEF), P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu, Finland
2
Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Yliopistokatu 6B, FI-80100 Joensuu, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(5), 385; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10050385
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 27 April 2019 / Accepted: 27 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
Finnish non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are valued on the national and international markets. Yet, the annual marketed quantities vary considerably, causing instability in supply chains. Thus, climatic and economic factors affecting the annually aggregated supply of top-marketed mushrooms (ceps, milk caps, and chanterelle) and berries (bilberry, cowberry, and cloudberry) in Finland were studied. Data on mushroom and berry market prices (€/kg) and quantities (kg) were obtained from the statistics on annual quantities of berries and mushrooms bought by organized trade and industry in Finland (1978–2016). The species-specific supply functions were described as linear regression models, where annually aggregated quantities were predicted as a function of climatic and economic variables. Our results suggested that climatic variables influenced the marketed quantities of NTFPs through the biological yields of berries and mushrooms, and that the market price had a negative effect on the marketed quantities of ceps, milk caps, and berries. The markets for NTFPs have become more international at the second half of the study period (1999–2016), modifying the price-quantity relationships of ceps, milk caps and cloudberries. Additionally, the number of visas issued to Thai pickers increased the marketed quantities of bilberries and cowberries. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-timber forest products; forest berries; wild edible fungi; Vaccinium myrtillus; Vaccinium vitis-idaea; Rubus chamaemorus; Boletus edulis; Lactarius spp.; Chantharellus cibarius non-timber forest products; forest berries; wild edible fungi; Vaccinium myrtillus; Vaccinium vitis-idaea; Rubus chamaemorus; Boletus edulis; Lactarius spp.; Chantharellus cibarius
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tahvanainen, V.; Miina, J.; Kurttila, M. Climatic and Economic Factors Affecting the Annual Supply of Wild Edible Mushrooms and Berries in Finland. Forests 2019, 10, 385. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10050385

AMA Style

Tahvanainen V, Miina J, Kurttila M. Climatic and Economic Factors Affecting the Annual Supply of Wild Edible Mushrooms and Berries in Finland. Forests. 2019; 10(5):385. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10050385

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tahvanainen, Veera; Miina, Jari; Kurttila, Mikko. 2019. "Climatic and Economic Factors Affecting the Annual Supply of Wild Edible Mushrooms and Berries in Finland" Forests 10, no. 5: 385. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10050385

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