The Nexus between the Austrian Forestry Sector and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Review of the Interlinkages
3. Results and Discussions
3.1. Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) and Austrian Forests
3.2. Relevant Policies and Processes
3.3. Interlinkage and Trade-Offs between SDG15 and Other Goals
3.4. SDGs and Austrian Forestry Business
3.5. Perceptions of the SDGs Within the Austrian Forestry Sector
Conflicts of Interest
By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Forest area as a proportion of total land area
Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type
By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Progress towards sustainable forest management
By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
Mountain Green Cover Index
Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
Red List Index
Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits
Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species
By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020
Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation
Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities
Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
|Questions||Full Name of Opinion leader|
|Q1||Which SDGs according to you have linkages with forests and how would describe these linkages (weak and strong)?|
|Q2||Which SDG out of the 17 is of key use for your work and which is the least or you think that your work doesn’t touch upon which SDG?|
|Q3||SDGs are global in nature; therefore do you think the targets associated with each SDG should be common everywhere or country-specific depending on the level of development?|
|Q4||Do you think SDG15, gives sufficient guidance for adaptive/sustainable forest management in Europe (specifically your country)?|
|Q5||Do you think you can/should incorporate it in your future projects?|
|Q6||Do you think SDGs are a political process?|
|Q7||Although the main goal of the SDGs is to eradicate poverty but which goal do you think will have more impact globally or be more successful by 2030?|
|Q8||In your opinion what specific steps can be taken to ensure that the SDGs are coherent with and integrated into the UN development agenda?|
|Q9||Do you have any observations, ideas or inputs you would like to offer for the better working of the SDGs?|
|Q10||Please briefly elaborate why do you think so (on Q9)?|
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|Forest Europe 2012 Criteria of SFM||Linkages with Relevant SDGs|
|1||Maintenance and Enhancement of Forests and their Contribution to the Carbon Cycle|
|2||Maintenance of Forest Ecosystem Health and Vitality|
|3||Maintenance and Encouragement of Productive Functions of Forests|
|4||Maintenance, Conservation, and Enhancement of Biological Diversity in Forests|
|5||Maintenance and Enhancement of Protective Functions in Forest management|
|6||Maintenance of other socio-economic functions and conditions|
|1. SFM, biodiversity and resilience to climate change|
|2. Sustainable wood production and mobilization|
|3. Added value from nonwood ecosystem services|
|4. Zero waste circular society|
|5. Efficient use of natural resources|
|6. Diversification of production technologies|
|7. Safe jobs and linkages of rural and urban regions|
|8. Renewable building materials for healthier living|
|9. Fiber-based products and 80 % lower CO2 emissions|
|10. Renewable energy|
|Interacting Goals||Interaction Type||Explanation||Example|
|Indivisible||Inextricably linked to the achievement of another goal.||Sustainable forestry cannot be achieved without policies for adapting and mitigation of climate change|
Forest protecting and sustainable is intrinsically related to regulating clean water sources
|Reinforcing||Aids the achievement of another goal.||Sustainable forestry and protecting productivity and sustainability of forests aids in better human health and wellbeing (SDG3),|
Urban forests have an intrinsic value for sustaining green space and living conditions of cities
|Enabling||Creates conditions that further another goal.||Protecting the forests and green cover enhances carbon stocks and sequestration, which indirectly mitigates climate change.|
Innovations for genetic variations and adaptation under climate change and increasing health of forests.
Innovations in Forestry based industrial sector can enable viable conditions for sustainable production for example cleaner bioenergy
|SDG6||Consistent||Clean- water availability management is symbiotic with forestry||Sustainable forests are not likely to negatively impact any of the other SDGs|
|None||Constraining||Limits options on another goal.||Sustainable forests are not likely to negatively impact any of the other SDGs|
|None||Counteracting||Clashes with another goal.||Sustainable forest management might seem to impact sustainable agriculture and food security (SDG2) in other countries but in the context of Austria, it is not likely to have any negatively impact.|
|None||Canceling||Makes it impossible to reach another goal.||Sustainable forests are not likely to negatively impact any of the other SDGs|
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Hazarika, R.; Jandl, R. The Nexus between the Austrian Forestry Sector and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Review of the Interlinkages. Forests 2019, 10, 205. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030205
Hazarika R, Jandl R. The Nexus between the Austrian Forestry Sector and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Review of the Interlinkages. Forests. 2019; 10(3):205. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030205Chicago/Turabian Style
Hazarika, Reneema, and Robert Jandl. 2019. "The Nexus between the Austrian Forestry Sector and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Review of the Interlinkages" Forests 10, no. 3: 205. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10030205