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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

A Review on Electroactive Polymers for Waste Heat Recovery

1
Electrotechnical Institute, Division of Electrotechnology and Materials Science, Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 55/61, Wrocław 50-369, Poland
2
Department of Thermodynamics, Theory of Machines and Thermal Systems, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, Wrocław 50-370, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jennifer A. Irvin
Materials 2016, 9(6), 485; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9060485
Received: 30 April 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 14 June 2016 / Published: 17 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electroactive Polymers)
This paper reviews materials for thermoelectric waste heat recovery, and discusses selected industrial and distributed waste heat sources as well as recovery methods that are currently applied. Thermoelectric properties, especially electrical conductivity, thermopower, thermal conductivity and the thermoelectric figures of merit, are considered when evaluating thermoelectric materials for waste heat recovery. Alloys and oxides are briefly discussed as materials suitable for medium- and high-grade sources. Electroactive polymers are presented as a new group of materials for low-grade sources. Polyaniline is a particularly fitting polymer for these purposes. We also discuss types of modifiers and modification methods, and their influence on the thermoelectric performance of this class of polymers. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermoelectric materials; electroactive polymers; waste heat recovery; energy efficiency; innovative energy conversion systems thermoelectric materials; electroactive polymers; waste heat recovery; energy efficiency; innovative energy conversion systems
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Kolasińska, E.; Kolasiński, P. A Review on Electroactive Polymers for Waste Heat Recovery. Materials 2016, 9, 485.

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