Next Article in Journal
Fabrication of Wood-Rubber Composites Using Rubber Compound as a Bonding Agent Instead of Adhesives
Next Article in Special Issue
Fabricating Superior NiAl Bronze Components through Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Ultrasonic Peening Treatment on Fatigue Performance of Welded Joints
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2016, 9(6), 470;

Structural Integrity of an Electron Beam Melted Titanium Alloy

Institute of Structural Materials, Swansea University, Bay Campus, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, UK
Rolls-Royce plc, P.O. Box 31, Derby DE24 8BJ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guillermo Requena
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 2 June 2016 / Accepted: 4 June 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metals for Additive Manufacturing)
Full-Text   |   PDF [9583 KB, uploaded 14 June 2016]   |  


Advanced manufacturing encompasses the wide range of processes that consist of “3D printing” of metallic materials. One such method is Electron Beam Melting (EBM), a modern build technology that offers significant potential for lean manufacture and a capability to produce fully dense near-net shaped components. However, the manufacture of intricate geometries will result in variable thermal cycles and thus a transient microstructure throughout, leading to a highly textured structure. As such, successful implementation of these technologies requires a comprehensive assessment of the relationships of the key process variables, geometries, resultant microstructures and mechanical properties. The nature of this process suggests that it is often difficult to produce representative test specimens necessary to achieve a full mechanical property characterisation. Therefore, the use of small scale test techniques may be exploited, specifically the small punch (SP) test. The SP test offers a capability for sampling miniaturised test specimens from various discrete locations in a thin-walled component, allowing a full characterisation across a complex geometry. This paper provides support in working towards development and validation strategies in order for advanced manufactured components to be safely implemented into future gas turbine applications. This has been achieved by applying the SP test to a series of Ti-6Al-4V variants that have been manufactured through a variety of processing routes including EBM and investigating the structural integrity of each material and how this controls the mechanical response. View Full-Text
Keywords: electron beam melting; titanium alloys; small punch test; X-ray computed tomography; failure analysis electron beam melting; titanium alloys; small punch test; X-ray computed tomography; failure analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lancaster, R.; Davies, G.; Illsley, H.; Jeffs, S.; Baxter, G. Structural Integrity of an Electron Beam Melted Titanium Alloy. Materials 2016, 9, 470.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top