Next Article in Journal
A Hydrogel Model Incorporating 3D-Plotted Hydroxyapatite for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering
Next Article in Special Issue
The Mechanical and Electronic Properties of Carbon-Rich Silicon Carbide
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Apatite Cement Containing Atelocollagen on Attachment to and Proliferation and Differentiation of MC3T3-E1 Osteoblastic Cells
Open AccessArticle

Si96: A New Silicon Allotrope with Interesting Physical Properties

Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Wide Band-Gap Semiconductor Materials and Devices, School of Microelectronics, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
Faculty of Science, University of Paris-Sud, Paris 91400, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin O. Steinhauser
Materials 2016, 9(4), 284;
Received: 22 January 2016 / Revised: 2 April 2016 / Accepted: 7 April 2016 / Published: 13 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Multiscale Modeling and Simulation in Materials Science)
The structural mechanical properties and electronic properties of a new silicon allotrope Si96 are investigated at ambient pressure by using a first-principles calculation method with the ultrasoft pseudopotential scheme in the framework of generalized gradient approximation. The elastic constants and phonon calculations reveal that Si96 is mechanically and dynamically stable at ambient pressure. The conduction band minimum and valence band maximum of Si96 are at the R and G point, which indicates that Si96 is an indirect band gap semiconductor. The anisotropic calculations show that Si96 exhibits a smaller anisotropy than diamond Si in terms of Young’s modulus, the percentage of elastic anisotropy for bulk modulus and shear modulus, and the universal anisotropic index AU. Interestingly, most silicon allotropes exhibit brittle behavior, in contrast to the previously proposed ductile behavior. The void framework, low density, and nanotube structure make Si96 quite attractive for applications such as hydrogen storage and electronic devices that work at extreme conditions, and there are potential applications in Li-battery anode materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: ab initio calculations; structural and anisotropic properties; silicon allotropes ab initio calculations; structural and anisotropic properties; silicon allotropes
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fan, Q.; Chai, C.; Wei, Q.; Zhou, P.; Zhang, J.; Yang, Y. Si96: A New Silicon Allotrope with Interesting Physical Properties. Materials 2016, 9, 284.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop