Next Article in Journal
Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy: Grain Refinement by Adjusting Pulse Frequency
Previous Article in Journal
A Review of PMMA Bone Cement and Intra‐Cardiac Embolism
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2016, 9(10), 822;

Preparation and Characterization of Modified Soda Lignin with Polyethylene Glycol

Beijing Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Engineering, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2016 / Revised: 5 September 2016 / Accepted: 28 September 2016 / Published: 7 October 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [2158 KB, uploaded 10 October 2016]   |  


Soda lignin does not have thermal flowing characteristics and it is impossible for it to be further thermally molded. To achieve the fusibility of soda lignin for fiber preparation by melt-spinning, an effective method for soda lignin modification was conducted by cooking it with polyethylene glycol (PEG) 400 at various ratios. The higher the ratio of PEG that was used, the more PEG molecular chains were grafted at the alpha carbon of the soda lignin through ether bonds, resulting in lower thermal transition temperatures and more excellent fusibility. The modified soda lignin with a weight ratio of lignin to PEG of 1:4 exhibited a relative thermal stability of molten viscosity at selected temperatures. Thereafter, the resultant fusible soda lignin was successfully melt-spun into filaments with an average diameter of 33 ± 5 μm, which is smaller than that of some industrial lignins. Accordingly, it is possible to utilize soda lignin to produce fibrous carbonaceous materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: soda lignin; polyethylene glycol; melt-spinning; fibers soda lignin; polyethylene glycol; melt-spinning; fibers

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, F.; Lin, J.; Zhao, G. Preparation and Characterization of Modified Soda Lignin with Polyethylene Glycol. Materials 2016, 9, 822.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top