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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Combined Surface and In‐Depth Absorption on Ignition of PMMA

College of Safety Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, China
Department of Fire Science & Professional Studies, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2016, 9(10), 820;
Received: 29 August 2016 / Accepted: 26 September 2016 / Published: 5 October 2016
A one‐dimensional numerical model and theoretical analysis involving both surface and in‐depth radiative heat flux absorption are utilized to investigate the influence of their combination on ignition of PMMA (Polymethyl Methacrylate). Ignition time, transient temperature in a solid and optimized combination of these two absorption modes of black and clear PMMA are examined to understand the ignition mechanism. Based on the comparison, it is found that the selection of constant or variable thermal parameters of PMMA barely affects the ignition time of simulation results. The linearity between tig-0.5 and heat flux does not exist anymore for high heat flux. Both analytical and numerical models underestimate the surface temperature and overestimate the temperature in a solid beneath the heat penetration layer for pure in‐depth absorption. Unlike surface absorption circumstances, the peak value of temperature is in the vicinity of the surface but not on the surface for in‐depth absorption. The numerical model predicts the ignition time better than the analytical model due to the more reasonable ignition criterion selected. The surface temperature increases with increasing incident heat flux. Furthermore, it also increases with the fraction of surface absorption and the radiative extinction coefficient for fixed heat flux. Finally, the combination is optimized by ignition time, temperature distribution in a solid and mass loss rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface absorption; in‐depth absorption; ignition; thermal degradation; PMMA surface absorption; in‐depth absorption; ignition; thermal degradation; PMMA
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Gong, J.; Chen, Y.; Li, J.; Jiang, J.; Wang, Z.; Wang, J. Effects of Combined Surface and In‐Depth Absorption on Ignition of PMMA. Materials 2016, 9, 820.

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