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Green Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles via Biological Entities

Murdoch Applied Nanotechnology Research Group, Faculty of Minerals and Energy, School of Engineering and Energy, Murdoch University, Murdoch WA 6150, Australia
Biosecurity and Food Security Academy, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Agricultural Sciences Murdoch University, Murdoch WA 6150, Australia
School of Biotechnology, School of Applied Sciences, KIIT University, Campus-11, Bhubaneswar 751024, Odisha, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mady Elbahri
Materials 2015, 8(11), 7278-7308;
Received: 4 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 October 2015 / Published: 29 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
Nanotechnology is the creation, manipulation and use of materials at the nanometre size scale (1 to 100 nm). At this size scale there are significant differences in many material properties that are normally not seen in the same materials at larger scales. Although nanoscale materials can be produced using a variety of traditional physical and chemical processes, it is now possible to biologically synthesize materials via environment-friendly green chemistry based techniques. In recent years, the convergence between nanotechnology and biology has created the new field of nanobiotechnology that incorporates the use of biological entities such as actinomycetes algae, bacteria, fungi, viruses, yeasts, and plants in a number of biochemical and biophysical processes. The biological synthesis via nanobiotechnology processes have a significant potential to boost nanoparticles production without the use of harsh, toxic, and expensive chemicals commonly used in conventional physical and chemical processes. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of recent trends in synthesizing nanoparticles via biological entities and their potential applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: green chemistry; biological synthesis; nanoparticles green chemistry; biological synthesis; nanoparticles
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Shah, M.; Fawcett, D.; Sharma, S.; Tripathy, S.K.; Poinern, G.E.J. Green Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles via Biological Entities. Materials 2015, 8, 7278-7308.

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