Failure analysis and fatigue life prediction are necessary and critical for engineering structural materials. In this paper, a general methodology is proposed to predict fatigue life of smooth and circular-hole specimens, in which the crack closure model and equivalent initial flaw size (EIFS) concept are employed. Different effects of crack closure on small crack growth region and long crack growth region are considered in the proposed method. The EIFS is determined by the fatigue limit and fatigue threshold stress intensity factor △Kth
. Fatigue limit is directly obtained from experimental data, and △Kth
is calculated by using a back-extrapolation method. Experimental data for smooth and circular-hole specimens in three different alloys (Al2024-T3, Al7075-T6 and Ti-6Al-4V) under multiple stress ratios are used to validate the method. In the validation section, Semi-circular surface crack and quarter-circular corner crack are assumed to be the initial crack shapes for the smooth and circular-hole specimens, respectively. A good agreement is observed between model predictions and experimental data. The detailed analysis and discussion are performed on the proposed model. Some conclusions and future work are given.
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