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Open AccessArticle

Preparation and Characterization of Lignocellulosic Oil Sorbent by Hydrothermal Treatment of Populus Fiber

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2014, 7(9), 6733-6747; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma7096733
Received: 17 July 2014 / Revised: 7 September 2014 / Accepted: 11 September 2014 / Published: 18 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Cellulosic Materials 2014)
This study is aimed at achieving the optimum conditions of hydrothermal treatment and acetylation of Populus fiber to improve its oil sorption capacity (OSC) in an oil-water mixture. The characteristics of the hydrolyzed and acetylated fibers were comparatively investigated by FT-IR, CP-MAS 13C-NMR, SEM and TGA. The optimum conditions of the hydrothermal treatment and acetylation were obtained at170 °C for 1 h and 120 °C for 2 h, respectively. The maximum OSC of the hydrolyzed fiber (16.78 g/g) was slightly lower than that of the acetylated fiber (21.57 g/g), but they were both higher than the maximum OSC of the unmodified fiber (3.94 g/g). In addition, acetylation after hydrothermal treatment for the Populus fiber was unnecessary as the increment of the maximum OSC was only 3.53 g/g. The hydrolyzed and the acetylated Populus fibers both displayed a lumen orifice enabling a high oil entrapment. The thermal stability of the modified fibers was shown to be increased in comparison with that of the raw fiber. The hydrothermal treatment offers a new approach to prepare lignocellulosic oil sorbent. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil sorbent; hydrothermal treatment; Populus fiber; acetylation oil sorbent; hydrothermal treatment; Populus fiber; acetylation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Yang, S.; Wu, J.-Q.; Yuan, T.-Q.; Sun, R.-C. Preparation and Characterization of Lignocellulosic Oil Sorbent by Hydrothermal Treatment of Populus Fiber. Materials 2014, 7, 6733-6747.

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