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Correction: Al-Qhtani et al. Half Metallic Ferromagnetism and Transport Properties of Zinc Chalcogenides ZnX2Se4 (X = Ti, V, Cr) for Spintronic Applications. Materials 2022, 15, 55
 
 
Article

Study on Shielding and Radiation Resistance of Basalt Fiber to Gamma Ray

by 1, 2 and 2,*
1
School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
2
Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Toma Stoica
Materials 2022, 15(7), 2522; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072522
Received: 8 March 2022 / Revised: 23 March 2022 / Accepted: 26 March 2022 / Published: 30 March 2022
In this study, four basalt rocks were selected to produce continuous fibers, the chemical composition of basalt rocks and the corresponding fibers were compared using the XRF, the results reveal that the content of the chemical component present in the basalt fibers is consistent with basalt rocks. The mass attenuation coefficient of different fibers was analyzed using the XCOM program, the results indicate that when the incident electron energy is 0.01~0.1 MeV, fiber mass attenuation coefficient is found to be positively correlated with the content of Wt (Fe2O3 + MnO + TiO2 + CaO + K2O). The structure and properties of the fibers irradiated by different absorption doses of gamma rays were studied using the SEM, EDX and FTIR, the results indicate that irradiation produces no effect on the basalt fiber structure, surface morphology, and contents of the surface elements, the mass loss rate of the fiber was much less than 1%, fiber tensile strength and elastic modulus increased 4.7–7.5% and 3.9–9.1%, respectively, but the elongation at break of fiber decreased 4.18–10.97%. Two selected basalt fiber cloths of thickness 0.12 and 0.28 mm were irradiated with gamma rays of energies of 100 and 120 keV to examine the shielding property of basalt fibers against the gamma rays, when the energy was 100 keV, the shielding ratios of the fiber cloths were 18.9% and 22.5%, respectively, but when the energy was 120 keV, the shielding ratios of the fiber cloths decreased significantly and were at 8.7% and 10.4%, respectively. When the irradiated electron energy is 100 keV, the shielding ratio for basalt fiber cloths measuring 0.12 and 0.28 mm can reach up to 38.9% and 46.3% of that of the 0.5-mm lead plate, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: basalt fiber; gamma ray; mass loss; shielding and radiation resistance; XCOM basalt fiber; gamma ray; mass loss; shielding and radiation resistance; XCOM
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, B.; Zhang, L.; Liu, J. Study on Shielding and Radiation Resistance of Basalt Fiber to Gamma Ray. Materials 2022, 15, 2522. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072522

AMA Style

Ding B, Zhang L, Liu J. Study on Shielding and Radiation Resistance of Basalt Fiber to Gamma Ray. Materials. 2022; 15(7):2522. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072522

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ding, Baoming, Lei Zhang, and Jiaqi Liu. 2022. "Study on Shielding and Radiation Resistance of Basalt Fiber to Gamma Ray" Materials 15, no. 7: 2522. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072522

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