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Article

Dentin Biomodification with Flavonoids and Calcium Phosphate Ion Clusters to Improve Dentin Bonding Stability

1
Department of Orthodontics, Dental Research Institute, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
2
Department of Dental Education, Dental Research Institute, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
3
Dental and Life Science Institute, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
4
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Florin Miculescu
Materials 2022, 15(4), 1494; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041494
Received: 21 December 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2022 / Accepted: 10 February 2022 / Published: 17 February 2022
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of flavonoids and calcium phosphate ion clusters (CPIC) on dentin bonding stability. Seven experimental solutions were synthesized using icaritin (ICT), fisetin (FIS), silibinin (SIB), CPIC, and combinations of one of three flavonoids and CPIC (ICT + C, FIS + C, SIB + C). The experimental solutions were applied to demineralized dentin prior to the application of a universal adhesive. A group without any experimental solution served as a control. Dentin specimens pretreated with the experimental solutions were assayed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and nanoleakage were evaluated at 24 h and after 10,000 thermocycles. FIS and ICT + C showed significantly higher µTBS than the control group at 24 h. CPIC, ICT + C, FIS + C, and SIB + C showed significantly higher µTBS than the control group after thermocycling. After thermocycling, silver infiltration into the hybrid layer and interfacial gaps was more noticeable in the control group than in the other groups. The FTIR spectra revealed the formation of apatitic minerals in the demineralized dentin in the flavonoid and CPIC combination groups. The pretreatment of demineralized dentin with flavonoids and CPIC improved dentin bonding stability. The flavonoid and CPIC combinations preserved dentin bond strength. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-linking agents; dentin bond strength; flavonoids; remineralization cross-linking agents; dentin bond strength; flavonoids; remineralization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paik, Y.; Kim, J.-H.; Yoo, K.-H.; Yoon, S.-Y.; Kim, Y.-I. Dentin Biomodification with Flavonoids and Calcium Phosphate Ion Clusters to Improve Dentin Bonding Stability. Materials 2022, 15, 1494. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041494

AMA Style

Paik Y, Kim J-H, Yoo K-H, Yoon S-Y, Kim Y-I. Dentin Biomodification with Flavonoids and Calcium Phosphate Ion Clusters to Improve Dentin Bonding Stability. Materials. 2022; 15(4):1494. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041494

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paik, Youna, Jae-Hoon Kim, Kyung-Hyeon Yoo, Seog-Young Yoon, and Yong-Il Kim. 2022. "Dentin Biomodification with Flavonoids and Calcium Phosphate Ion Clusters to Improve Dentin Bonding Stability" Materials 15, no. 4: 1494. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15041494

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