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Article

Evaluation of Collaborative Robot Sustainable Integration in Manufacturing Assembly by Using Process Time Savings

Department of Mechanical, Chemical and Industrial Design Engineering, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería y Diseño Industrial, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain
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Academic Editors: Álvaro Rodríguez-Prieto, Francisco Javier Trujillo Vilches and Stanislaw Legutko
Materials 2022, 15(2), 611; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15020611
Received: 6 December 2021 / Revised: 28 December 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
Collaborative robots are enablers of flexibility in the current dynamic and uncertain manufacturing environment. Decision making on its implementation requires technical feasibility, involving productivity and workforce implications that should be faced in an integrated perspective in processes where many components of different materials are assembled in products of increasing diversity and complexity. This study introduces two new parametric models for collaborative robotics, formulated in order to evaluate the differential cost of assembly (economic dimension) and the differential income from taxes that supports short-term workforce displacement (social dimension) in cobot implementation. Updated techno-economical parameters are selected for assessing feasibility ranges of application in different production scenarios. Next, the influence curves of productivity gain for a feasible implementation of cobot establish thresholds for decision making under both criteria. The results show the need for productivity gains that are significantly lower in high-wage scenarios than in low-wage scenarios; however, in a joint approach, breakeven productivity gain is always higher for the social dimension threshold than for the economic requirement of cost-effective manufacturing, with a higher gap in low-wage cases. The detailed analysis of a real case study of cobot implementation for assembly demonstrates the practical application of models and potential for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: assembly automation; cobot; automation decision support system; sustainable manufacturing; Industry 4.0; manufacturing and society assembly automation; cobot; automation decision support system; sustainable manufacturing; Industry 4.0; manufacturing and society
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MDPI and ACS Style

Calvo, R.; Gil, P. Evaluation of Collaborative Robot Sustainable Integration in Manufacturing Assembly by Using Process Time Savings. Materials 2022, 15, 611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15020611

AMA Style

Calvo R, Gil P. Evaluation of Collaborative Robot Sustainable Integration in Manufacturing Assembly by Using Process Time Savings. Materials. 2022; 15(2):611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15020611

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calvo, Roque, and Pilar Gil. 2022. "Evaluation of Collaborative Robot Sustainable Integration in Manufacturing Assembly by Using Process Time Savings" Materials 15, no. 2: 611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15020611

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