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Article

Nanoparticle Additivation Effects on Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals and Polymers—A Theoretical Concept for an Inter-Laboratory Study Design All Along the Process Chain, Including Research Data Management

1
Technical Chemistry I, Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), University of Duisburg Essen, 45141 Essen, Germany
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Institute of Photonic Technology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany
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Materials Science and Additive Manufacturing, School of Mechanical Engineering and Safety Engineering, University of Wuppertal, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany
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Department of Hybrid Additive Manufacturing, Ruhr University of Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
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Institute for Particle Technology, Technical University of Braunschweig, 38104 Braunschweig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mika Salmi and Young-Hag Koh
Materials 2021, 14(17), 4892; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174892
Received: 15 July 2021 / Revised: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 27 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling, Simulation and Data Processing for Additive Manufacturing)
In recent years, the application field of laser powder bed fusion of metals and polymers extends through an increasing variability of powder compositions in the market. New powder formulations such as nanoparticle (NP) additivated powder feedstocks are available today. Interestingly, they behave differently along with the entire laser powder bed fusion (PBF-LB) process chain, from flowability over absorbance and microstructure formation to processability and final part properties. Recent studies show that supporting NPs on metal and polymer powder feedstocks enhances processability, avoids crack formation, refines grain size, increases functionality, and improves as-built part properties. Although several inter-laboratory studies (ILSs) on metal and polymer PBF-LB exist, they mainly focus on mechanical properties and primarily ignore nano-additivated feedstocks or standardized assessment of powder feedstock properties. However, those studies must obtain reliable data to validate each property metric’s repeatability and reproducibility limits related to the PBF-LB process chain. We herein propose the design of a large-scale ILS to quantify the effect of nanoparticle additivation on powder characteristics, process behavior, microstructure, and part properties in PBF-LB. Besides the work and sample flow to organize the ILS, the test methods to measure the NP-additivated metal and polymer powder feedstock properties and resulting part properties are defined. A research data management (RDM) plan is designed to extract scientific results from the vast amount of material, process, and part data. The RDM focuses not only on the repeatability and reproducibility of a metric but also on the FAIR principle to include findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable data/meta-data in additive manufacturing. The proposed ILS design gives access to principal component analysis (PCA) to compute the correlations between the material–process–microstructure–part properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser melting; laser sintering; 3D printing; AlSi10Mg; PA12; Round-Robin laser melting; laser sintering; 3D printing; AlSi10Mg; PA12; Round-Robin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kusoglu, I.M.; Huber, F.; Doñate-Buendía, C.; Rosa Ziefuss, A.; Gökce, B.; T. Sehrt, J.; Kwade, A.; Schmidt, M.; Barcikowski, S. Nanoparticle Additivation Effects on Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals and Polymers—A Theoretical Concept for an Inter-Laboratory Study Design All Along the Process Chain, Including Research Data Management. Materials 2021, 14, 4892. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174892

AMA Style

Kusoglu IM, Huber F, Doñate-Buendía C, Rosa Ziefuss A, Gökce B, T. Sehrt J, Kwade A, Schmidt M, Barcikowski S. Nanoparticle Additivation Effects on Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals and Polymers—A Theoretical Concept for an Inter-Laboratory Study Design All Along the Process Chain, Including Research Data Management. Materials. 2021; 14(17):4892. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174892

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kusoglu, Ihsan M., Florian Huber, Carlos Doñate-Buendía, Anna Rosa Ziefuss, Bilal Gökce, Jan T. Sehrt, Arno Kwade, Michael Schmidt, and Stephan Barcikowski. 2021. "Nanoparticle Additivation Effects on Laser Powder Bed Fusion of Metals and Polymers—A Theoretical Concept for an Inter-Laboratory Study Design All Along the Process Chain, Including Research Data Management" Materials 14, no. 17: 4892. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174892

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