Traditional cement-based repair materials are brittle and prone to cracking. The failure of more than half of repaired concrete structure is due to the re-cracking of the repair material itself or delamination and peeling from the concrete matrix. Thus, a second repair is required in a short period, increasing the maintenance cost. To reduce cracking, Strain Hardening Cement-based Composite (SHCC), with strain hardening and multiple cracking property, is prepared to study the influence of interface roughness and repair layer thickness on the shrinkage, cracking and delamination modes of SHCC-repaired concrete beams. The results show that under the shrinkage stress, multiple fine cracks instead of local fractures occur in the SHCC repair layer, and the interfacial delamination is effectively controlled. Interfacial bonding property is the main factor that affects the shrinkage and deformation coordination of SHCC-repaired beams. When the interface roughness is different, the crack width of the SHCC repair layer is similar. However, it has a greater influence on the interfacial delamination length and maximum delamination height of the repaired beam. With the increase of interface roughness, the delamination length and height of the repaired beam are greatly reduced. Therefore, before using SHCC to repair the existing structures or components, the bonding surface should be roughened to improve the bond strength between SHCC and the old concrete. With the increase of the repair layer thickness, the cracking and delamination of the repair layer tend to be alleviated. Although the crack width of the repair layer can be effectively controlled after cracking, the overlarge shrinkage (985.35 × 10−6
, about twice the shrinkage value of ordinary concrete) of the SHCC prepared in this research results in the cracking of the repair layer and the delamination of the repair interface under the restraint of concrete; thus, SHCC fails to repair the concrete efficiently. In terms of shrinkage deformation control, materials with high toughness and low shrinkage are required to repair the existing concrete structures. The implication of this research may provide a theoretical basis for the preparation and application of SHCC with high toughness and low shrinkage.
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