We present a simple design of a broadband tunable metamaterial absorber (MMA) in the terahertz (THz) region, which consists of a single layer complementary gammadion-shaped (CGS) graphene sheet and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) dielectric substrate placed on a continuous metal film. The Fermi energy level (Ef
) of the graphene can be modulated dynamically by the applied DC bias voltage, which enables us to electrically control the absorption performance of the proposed MMA flexibly. When Ef
= 0.8 eV, the relative bandwidth of the proposed MMA, which represents the frequency region of absorption beyond 90%, can reaches its maximal value of 72.1%. Simulated electric field distributions reveal that the broadband absorption mainly originates from the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on the CGS graphene sheet. Furthermore, the proposed MMA is polarization-insensitive and has wide angles for both transverse-electric (TE) and transverse-magnetic (TM) waves in the broadband frequency range. The broadband absorption capacity of the designed MMA can be effectively adjusted by varying the Fermi energy level of graphene. Lastly, the absorbance of the MMA can be adjusted from 42% to 99.1% by changing the Ef
from 0 eV to 0.8 eV, which is in agreement with the theoretical calculation by using the interference 41theory. Due to its simple structure and flexible tunability, the proposed MMA has potential application prospects in tunable filtering, modulators, sensing, and other multispectral devices.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited