Next Article in Journal
Self-Etch Silane Primer: Reactivity and Bonding with a Lithium Disilicate Ceramic
Next Article in Special Issue
Investigation of the Thermal Properties of Diesters from Methanol, 1-Pentanol, and 1-Decanol as Sustainable Phase Change Materials
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation on Microsheet Metal Deformation Behaviors in Ultrasonic-Vibration-Assisted Uniaxial Tension with Aluminum Alloy 5052
Previous Article in Special Issue
Experimental Investigation on Mechanism of Latent Heat Reduction of Sodium Acetate Trihydrate Phase Change Materials
Open AccessArticle

Modeling of Energy Demand and Savings Associated with the Use of Epoxy-Phase Change Material Formulations

1
University Defense Center, Spanish Naval Academy, 36920 Marin, Spain
2
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(3), 639; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13030639
Received: 30 December 2019 / Revised: 25 January 2020 / Accepted: 27 January 2020 / Published: 31 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage)
This manuscript integrates the experimental findings of recently developed epoxy-phase change material (PCM) formulations with modeling efforts aimed to determine the energy demands and savings derived from their use. The basic PCM system employed was composed of an epoxy resin, a thickening agent, and nonadecane, where the latter was the hydrocarbon undergoing the phase transformation. Carbon nanofibers (CNF) and boron nitride (BN) particulates were used as heat flow enhancers. The thermal conductivities, densities, and latent heat determined in laboratory settings were introduced in a model that calculated, using EnergyPlus software, the energy demands, savings and temperature profiles of the interior and the walls of a shelter for six different locations on Earth. A shipping container was utilized as exemplary dwelling. Results indicated that all the epoxy-PCM formulations had a positive impact on the total energy savings (between 16% and 23%) for the locations selected. The use of CNF and BN showed an increase in performance when compared with the formulation with no thermal filler additives. The formulations selected showed great potential to reduce the energy demands, increase savings, and result in more adequate temperatures for living and storage spaces applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase change material; epoxy composite; thermal energy storage; simulation; shipping container phase change material; epoxy composite; thermal energy storage; simulation; shipping container
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Arce, E.; Agrawal, R.; Suárez, A.; Febrero, L.; Luhrs, C.C. Modeling of Energy Demand and Savings Associated with the Use of Epoxy-Phase Change Material Formulations. Materials 2020, 13, 639.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop