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Open AccessArticle

Damage Adaptive Titanium Alloy by In-Situ Elastic Gradual Mechanism

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang 110870, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(2), 406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13020406
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 2 January 2020 / Accepted: 10 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Materials for Smart and Functional Windows)
Natural materials are generally damage adaptive through their multilevel architectures, with the characteristics of compositional and mechanical gradients. This study demonstrated that the desired elastic gradient can be in-situ stress-induced in a titanium alloy, and that the alloy showed extreme fatigue-damage tolerance through the crack deflection and branch due to the formation of a three-dimensional elastically graded zone surrounding the crack tip. This looks like a perceptive and adaptive mechanism to retard the crack: the higher stress concentrated at the tip and the larger elastic gradient to be induced. The retardation is so strong that a gradient nano-grained layer with a thickness of less than 2 μm formed at the crack tip due to the highly localized and accumulated plasticity. Furthermore, the ultrafine-grained alloy with the nano-sized precipitation also exhibited good damage tolerance. View Full-Text
Keywords: elastic gradient; fatigue damage tolerance; crack deflection; adaptive mechanism elastic gradient; fatigue damage tolerance; crack deflection; adaptive mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, S.; Liu, J.; Zhang, H.; Sun, J.; Chen, L. Damage Adaptive Titanium Alloy by In-Situ Elastic Gradual Mechanism. Materials 2020, 13, 406.

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