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Article

Formation of a Bacteriostatic Surface on ZrNb Alloy via Anodization in a Solution Containing Cu Nanoparticles

1
Medical Institute, Sumy State University, 40018 Sumy, Ukraine
2
NanoPrime, 39-200 Dębica, Poland
3
Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
4
Institute of Applied Physics NASU, 40000 Sumy, Ukraine
5
Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS, 01-224 Warsaw, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(18), 3913; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13183913
Received: 13 August 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 4 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Biocoatings)
High strength, excellent corrosion resistance, high biocompatibility, osseointegration ability, and low bacteria adhesion are critical properties of metal implants. Additionally, the implant surface plays a critical role as the cell and bacteria host, and the development of a simultaneously antibacterial and biocompatible implant is still a crucial challenge. Copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) could be a promising alternative to silver in antibacterial surface engineering due to low cell toxicity. In our study, we assessed the biocompatibility and antibacterial properties of a PEO (plasma electrolytic oxidation) coating incorporated with CuNPs (Cu nanoparticles). The structural and chemical parameters of the CuNP and PEO coating were studied with TEM/SEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy/Scanning Electron Microscopy), EDX (Energy-Dispersive X-ray Dpectroscopy), and XRD (X-ray Diffraction) methods. Cell toxicity and bacteria adhesion tests were used to prove the surface safety and antibacterial properties. We can conclude that PEO on a ZrNb alloy in Ca–P solution with CuNPs formed a stable ceramic layer incorporated with Cu nanoparticles. The new surface provided better osteoblast adhesion in all time-points compared with the nontreated metal and showed medium grade antibacterial activities. PEO at 450 V provided better antibacterial properties that are recommended for further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasma electrolytic oxidation; dental implant; zirconium-niobium alloy; biocompatibility; bacterial adhesion plasma electrolytic oxidation; dental implant; zirconium-niobium alloy; biocompatibility; bacterial adhesion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Korniienko, V.; Oleshko, O.; Husak, Y.; Deineka, V.; Holubnycha, V.; Mishchenko, O.; Kazek-Kęsik, A.; Jakóbik-Kolon, A.; Pshenychnyi, R.; Leśniak-Ziółkowska, K.; Kalinkevich, O.; Kalinkevich, A.; Pisarek, M.; Simka, W.; Pogorielov, M. Formation of a Bacteriostatic Surface on ZrNb Alloy via Anodization in a Solution Containing Cu Nanoparticles. Materials 2020, 13, 3913. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13183913

AMA Style

Korniienko V, Oleshko O, Husak Y, Deineka V, Holubnycha V, Mishchenko O, Kazek-Kęsik A, Jakóbik-Kolon A, Pshenychnyi R, Leśniak-Ziółkowska K, Kalinkevich O, Kalinkevich A, Pisarek M, Simka W, Pogorielov M. Formation of a Bacteriostatic Surface on ZrNb Alloy via Anodization in a Solution Containing Cu Nanoparticles. Materials. 2020; 13(18):3913. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13183913

Chicago/Turabian Style

Korniienko, Viktoriia, Oleksandr Oleshko, Yevheniia Husak, Volodymyr Deineka, Viktoriia Holubnycha, Oleg Mishchenko, Alicja Kazek-Kęsik, Agata Jakóbik-Kolon, Roman Pshenychnyi, Katarzyna Leśniak-Ziółkowska, Oksana Kalinkevich, Aleksei Kalinkevich, Marcin Pisarek, Wojciech Simka, and Maksym Pogorielov. 2020. "Formation of a Bacteriostatic Surface on ZrNb Alloy via Anodization in a Solution Containing Cu Nanoparticles" Materials 13, no. 18: 3913. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13183913

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