Next Article in Journal
First-Principles Calculations of Oxygen-Dislocation Interaction in Magnesium
Next Article in Special Issue
Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Reaction System Based on Metal-Organic Halide Perovskites
Previous Article in Journal
Influence Mechanism of Cu Layer Thickness on Photoelectric Properties of IWO/Cu/IWO Films
Previous Article in Special Issue
In-situ Deposition of Graphene Oxide Catalyst for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Using Atmospheric Plasma
Review

Low Dimensional Carbon-Based Catalysts for Efficient Photocatalytic and Photo/Electrochemical Water Splitting Reactions

by 1,†, 1,†, 2, 3,*, 4,* and 1,*
1
Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
2
Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
3
Division of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Institute of Advanced Materials and Systems, Sookmyung Women’s University, Seoul 04310, Korea
4
Department of Environment and Energy Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contribute equally to this paper.
Materials 2020, 13(1), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13010114
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 21 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 25 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Materials for Sustainable Energy Conversion and Storage)
A universal increase in energy consumption and the dependency on fossil fuels have resulted in increasing severity of global warming, thus necessitating the search of new and environment-friendly energy sources. Hydrogen is as one of the energy sources that can resolve the abovementioned problems. Water splitting promotes ecofriendly hydrogen production without the formation of any greenhouse gas. The most common process for hydrogen production is electrolysis, wherein water molecules are separated into hydrogen and oxygen through electrochemical reactions. Solar-energy-induced chemical reactions, including photocatalysis and photoelectrochemistry, have gained considerable attention because of the simplicity of their procedures and use of solar radiation as the energy source. To improve performance of water splitting reactions, the use of catalysts has been widely investigated. For example, the novel-metal catalysts possessing extremely high catalytic properties for various reactions have been considered. However, due to the rarity and high costs of the novel-metal materials, the catalysts were considered unsuitable for universal use. Although other transition-metal-based materials have also been investigated, carbon-based materials, which are obtained from one of the most common elements on Earth, have potential as low-cost, nontoxic, high-performance catalysts for both photo and electrochemical reactions. Because abundancy, simplicity of synthesis routes, and excellent performance are the important factors for catalysts, easy optimization and many variations are possible in carbon-materials, making them more attractive. In particular, low-dimensional carbon materials, such as graphene and graphitic carbon nitride, exhibit excellent performance because of their unique electrical, mechanical, and catalytic properties. In this mini-review, we will discuss the performance of low-dimensional carbon-based materials for water splitting reactions. View Full-Text
Keywords: water splitting; electrochemistry; photoelectrochemistry; photocatalysis; carbon-based materials water splitting; electrochemistry; photoelectrochemistry; photocatalysis; carbon-based materials
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, Y.; Lee, D.-K.; Kim, S.M.; Park, W.; Cho, S.Y.; Sim, U. Low Dimensional Carbon-Based Catalysts for Efficient Photocatalytic and Photo/Electrochemical Water Splitting Reactions. Materials 2020, 13, 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13010114

AMA Style

Lim Y, Lee D-K, Kim SM, Park W, Cho SY, Sim U. Low Dimensional Carbon-Based Catalysts for Efficient Photocatalytic and Photo/Electrochemical Water Splitting Reactions. Materials. 2020; 13(1):114. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13010114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lim, Yoongu, Dong-Kyu Lee, Seong M. Kim, Woosung Park, Sung Y. Cho, and Uk Sim. 2020. "Low Dimensional Carbon-Based Catalysts for Efficient Photocatalytic and Photo/Electrochemical Water Splitting Reactions" Materials 13, no. 1: 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13010114

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop