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Materials 2019, 12(8), 1250; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12081250

Controlling the Composition and Magnetic Properties of Nano-SrFe12O19 Powder Synthesized from Oily Cold Mill Sludge by the Citrate Precursor Method

1
Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2
Nuclear Chemistry and Industrial Material Recycling, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 March 2019 / Revised: 10 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
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Abstract

This paper proposes a new method for producing nano-SrFe12O19 powder by the citrate precursor route using solid waste as a source of iron. This solid iron-containing waste, which exists in the form of an oily sludge, is produced by a cold rolling mill. This sludge was first subjected to a process, including sulfuric acid leaching, oxidation, precipitation, and nitric acid leaching, to obtain an iron nitrate (Fe(NO3)3) solution. Next, the Fe(NO3)3 solution was mixed with a strontium nitrate (Sr(NO3)2) solution obtained by subjecting strontium carbonate to nitric acid leaching. Subsequently, citric acid, as chelating agent, and ammonia water, as precipitating agent, were added to the mixed solution to form a gel. The gel was dried and spontaneously combusted, then annealed at different temperatures for 2 h in flowing air. The effects of the Fe3+/Sr2+ molar ratio and annealing temperature on the formation, morphology, and magnetic properties of SrFe12O19 were investigated. The results showed that single-phase SrFe12O19 powder was obtained by decreasing the Fe3+/Sr2+ molar ratio from the stoichiometric value of 12 to 11.6 and increasing the annealing temperature to 1000 °C for 2 h. Adjustment of the Fe/Sr molar ratio to 12 and the annealing temperature to 900 °C enabled the magnetic properties to be optimized, including saturation magnetization (Ms) 80.2 emu/g, remanence magnetization (Mr) 39.8 emu/g, and coercive force (Hc) 6318 Oe. View Full-Text
Keywords: SrFe12O19; nanoparticles; citrate precursor method; industrial waste; magnetic properties SrFe12O19; nanoparticles; citrate precursor method; industrial waste; magnetic properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, B.; Zhang, S.; Steenari, B.-M.; Ekberg, C. Controlling the Composition and Magnetic Properties of Nano-SrFe12O19 Powder Synthesized from Oily Cold Mill Sludge by the Citrate Precursor Method. Materials 2019, 12, 1250.

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