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Materials 2019, 12(6), 890; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12060890

Crack Healing and Mechanical Properties Recovery in SA 508–3 Steel

1,2
,
1,2,3
,
1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials Processing Technology of Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
HBIS Group Technology Research Institute, Shijiazhuang 050023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 February 2019 / Revised: 9 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 17 March 2019
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Abstract

Internal cracks could be healed under the process of hot plastic deformation. In this study, mechanical properties recovery after crack healing in SA 508–3 steel were investigated. Microstructures of the crack healing zones were observed using an optical microscope (OM) and electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) technology, and the recovery degrees of mechanical properties in the crack healing zones with the healing temperature and a reduction ratio were tested systematically. The results showed that the internal cracks in SA 508–3 steel disappeared and were replaced by newly formed grains, achieved by recrystallization and abnormal grain growth. The tensile properties of crack healing zones could be fully restored, while their impact and low cycle fatigue properties could only be partially achieved. The recovery degrees of mechanical properties in crack healing zones increased with increasing the healing temperature and reduction ratio in the temperature range of 950–1050 °C. When the temperature was above 1150 °C, the impact properties began to deteriorate because of grain coarsening and larger MA (martensite–austenite) constituents. The microstructural evolution of the crack zone in the SA 508–3 steel was sketched. View Full-Text
Keywords: internal crack healing; mechanical properties recovery; tensile properties; impact properties; low cycle fatigue properties; fracture morphology internal crack healing; mechanical properties recovery; tensile properties; impact properties; low cycle fatigue properties; fracture morphology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Qiu, Y.; Xin, R.; Luo, J.; Ma, Q. Crack Healing and Mechanical Properties Recovery in SA 508–3 Steel. Materials 2019, 12, 890.

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